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Balanced Growth Despite Uzawa

Author

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  • Gene M. Grossman
  • Elhanan Helpman
  • Ezra Oberfield
  • Thomas Sampson

Abstract

The evidence for the United States points to balanced growth despite falling investment-good prices and an elasticity of substitution between capital and labor less than one. This is inconsistent with the Uzawa Growth Theorem. We extend Uzawa's theorem to show that the introduction of human capital accumulation in the standard way does not resolve the puzzle. However, balanced growth is possible if schooling is endogenous and capital is more complementary with schooling than with raw labor. We describe balanced growth paths for a variety of neoclassical growth models with capital-augmenting technological progress and endogenous schooling. The balanced growth path in an overlapping-generations model in which individuals choose the duration of their education matches key features of the U.S. economic record.
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Suggested Citation

  • Gene M. Grossman & Elhanan Helpman & Ezra Oberfield & Thomas Sampson, "undated". "Balanced Growth Despite Uzawa," Working Paper 470456, Harvard University OpenScholar.
  • Handle: RePEc:qsh:wpaper:470456
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    File URL: http://scholar.harvard.edu/helpman/node/470456
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Boppart, Timo & Krusell, Per, 2016. "Labor supply in the past, present, and future: a balanced-growth perspective," CEPR Discussion Papers 11235, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. David Baqaee & Emmanuel Farhi, 2017. "The Macroeconomic Impact of Microeconomic Shocks: Beyond Hulten's Theorem," Working Paper 482151, Harvard University OpenScholar.
    3. Li, Defu & Bental, Benjamin & Huang, Jiuli, 2016. "Stationary Growth and the Impossibility of Capital Efficiency Gains," MPRA Paper 71516, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Gene M. Grossman & Elhanan Helpman & Ezra Oberfield & Thomas Sampson, 2017. "Balanced Growth Despite Uzawa," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 107(4), pages 1293-1312, April.
    5. Paolo Martellini & Guido Menzio, 2018. "Declining Search Frictions, Unemployment and Growth," NBER Working Papers 24518, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Daron Acemoglu & Pascual Restrepo, 2016. "The Race Between Machine and Man: Implications of Technology for Growth, Factor Shares and Employment," NBER Working Papers 22252, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Dasgupta, A. & Dasgupta, P., 2017. "Socially Embedded Preferences, Environmental Externalities, and Reproductive Rights," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1724, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    8. Wan-Jung Cheng, 2017. "Explaining Job Polarization: The Role of Heterogeneity in Capital Intensity," IEAS Working Paper : academic research 17-A015, Institute of Economics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan, revised Feb 2018.
    9. Cui, Dan & Wei, Xiang & Wu, Dianting & Cui, Nana & Nijkamp, Peter, 2018. "Leisure time and labor productivity: A new economic view rooted from sociological perspective," Economics Discussion Papers 2018-74, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    10. Jung, Sungmoon & Lee, Jeong-Dong & Hwang, Won-Sik & Yeo, Yeongjun, 2017. "Growth versus equity: A CGE analysis for effects of factor-biased technical progress on economic growth and employment," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 424-438.
    11. Gregory Casey & Ryo Horii, 2019. "A Multi-factor Uzawa Growth Theorem and Endogenous Capital-Augmenting Technological Change," ISER Discussion Paper 1051, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University.
    12. repec:eee:reecon:v:71:y:2017:i:3:p:373-383 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Gary Jefferson, 2016. "Growth Theory and Growth Accounting: Reformulating Our Understanding of Growth," Working Papers 106, Brandeis University, Department of Economics and International Businesss School.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E1 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models
    • J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity

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