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Balanced growth despite Uzawa

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  • Grossman, Gene M.
  • Helpman, Elhanan
  • Oberfield, Ezra
  • Sampson, Thomas

Abstract

I use an event study approach to present novel evidence on the impact of trade liberalization on firm level profits. Using the uncertainty surrounding the negotiation and ratification process of the Canada-United States Free Trade Agreement of 1989 (CUSFTA), I estimate the impact of different types of tariff reductions on the abnormal returns of Canadian manufacturing firms. I find that Canadian import tariff reductions lead to lower, and reductions in Canadian intermediate input tariffs to higher abnormal returns. The impact of U.S. tariff reductions is less clear and depends on the size of the affected firms. I also calculate the total profit increase implied by my estimates. Overall, CUSFTA increased per-period profits by around 1.2%. This was mainly driven by intermediate input tariff reductions which more than offset the negative effect of Canadian import tariff reductions.

Suggested Citation

  • Grossman, Gene M. & Helpman, Elhanan & Oberfield, Ezra & Sampson, Thomas, 2016. "Balanced growth despite Uzawa," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 66414, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  • Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:66414
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    6. Gene M. Grossman & Elhanan Helpman & Ezra Oberfield & Thomas Sampson, 2017. "Balanced Growth Despite Uzawa," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 107(4), pages 1293-1312, April.
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    10. Gregory Casey & Ryo Horii, 2019. "A Multi-factor Uzawa Growth Theorem and Endogenous Capital-Augmenting Technological Change," 2019 Meeting Papers 1458, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    11. Etro, Federico, 2017. "Research in economics and macroeconomics," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(3), pages 373-383.
    12. Gillman, Max, 2021. "Steps in industrial development through human capital deepening," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 99(C).
    13. Gary Jefferson, 2016. "Growth Theory and Growth Accounting: Reformulating Our Understanding of Growth," Working Papers 106, Brandeis University, Department of Economics and International Businesss School.
    14. Wemy, Edouard, 2021. "Capital-labor substitution elasticity: A simulated method of moments approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 14-44.
    15. Kenneth G. Stewart & Jiang Li, 2018. "Are factor biases and substitution identifiable? The Canadian evidence," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 51(2), pages 528-548, May.
    16. Gene M. Grossman & Elhanan Helpman & Ezra Oberfield & Thomas Sampson, 2021. "Endogenous Education and Long-Run Factor Shares," American Economic Review: Insights, American Economic Association, vol. 3(2), pages 215-232, June.
    17. Guo, Lu & Yang, Wei, 2020. "The existence and uniqueness of the steady equilibrium in the endogenous economic growth model," MPRA Paper 100703, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    18. Kali Charan Rath & Surya Narayan Maharana & Jyoti Rajak, 2021. "Replacement of Human Labour With Integration of Machines Into a Self-Governing System," International Journal of System Dynamics Applications (IJSDA), IGI Global, vol. 10(2), pages 73-87, April.
    19. Christodoulos Stefanadis, 2020. "Social conflict, property rights, and the capital–labor split," Journal of Theoretical Politics, , vol. 32(4), pages 582-604, October.
    20. Richard Suen & Hongsilp Sriket, "undated". "Sources of Economic Growth in Models with Non-Renewable Resources," Discussion Papers in Economics 19/12, Division of Economics, School of Business, University of Leicester.
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    22. Dasgupta, A. & Dasgupta, P., 2017. "Socially Embedded Preferences, Environmental Externalities, and Reproductive Rights," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1724, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    23. Erauskin, Iñaki & Turnovsky, Stephen J., 2019. "International financial integration and income inequality in a stochastically growing economy," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 55-74.
    24. Wan-Jung Cheng, 2017. "Explaining Job Polarization: The Role of Heterogeneity in Capital Intensity," IEAS Working Paper : academic research 17-A015, Institute of Economics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan, revised Feb 2018.
    25. Jung, Sungmoon & Lee, Jeong-Dong & Hwang, Won-Sik & Yeo, Yeongjun, 2017. "Growth versus equity: A CGE analysis for effects of factor-biased technical progress on economic growth and employment," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 424-438.

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    Keywords

    Demand; neoclassical growth; balanced growth; technological progress; capital-skill; complementarity;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • N0 - Economic History - - General
    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance
    • G3 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance

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