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Effect of temperature on bio-oil fractions of palm kernel shell thermal distillation

Author

Listed:
  • Qarizada, Deana
  • Mohammadian, Erfan
  • Alias, Azil Bahari
  • Rahimi, Humapar Azhar

Abstract

Distillation is an essential thermo chemical process; it mainly depends on temperature which affects mostly the product yield and composition. The aim of this research is to investigate the effect of temperature on the characterization of bio-oil liquid fraction derived from palm kernel shell (PKS) bio-oil. The temperatures were 100 °C and 140°C. The higher heating value (HHV) obtained were 28.6MJ/Kg and 31.5MJ/Kg for bio-oil fraction 100°C and 140°C respectively. The GC- MS analysis determined that phenol is the dominant product in bio-oil fractions.

Suggested Citation

  • Qarizada, Deana & Mohammadian, Erfan & Alias, Azil Bahari & Rahimi, Humapar Azhar, 2018. "Effect of temperature on bio-oil fractions of palm kernel shell thermal distillation," MPRA Paper 97687, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 16 Apr 2018.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:97687
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Xiu, Shuangning & Shahbazi, Abolghasem, 2012. "Bio-oil production and upgrading research: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(7), pages 4406-4414.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fast pyrolysis; thermal distillation; palm kernel shell; biomass; bio-fuel;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Z00 - Other Special Topics - - General - - - General

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