IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

"Incredible India"-an empirical confrimation from the Box-Jenkins ARIMA technique




“Incredible !ndia”, is India’s tourism maxim. Using the Box – Jenkins ARIMA approach, this study will attempt to examine the validity and suitability of this maxim. Does tourism data conform to this mind-blowing motto? Is India really incredible? What are the subsequent policy directions? The study uses annual time series data covering the period 1981 to 2017. Using annual time series data, ranging over the period 1981 to 2017, the study applied the general ARIMA technique in order to model and forecast tourist arrivals in India. The ADF tests indicate that the foreign tourists arrivals series in I (2). The study, based on the minimum MAPE value, finally presented the ARIMA (2, 2, 5) model as the appropriate model to forecast foreign tourist arrivals in India. Analysis of the residuals of the ARIMA (2, 2, 5) model indicate that the selected model is stable and appropriate for forecasting foreign tourist arrivals in India. The forecasted foreign tourist arrivals over the period 2018 to 2028 show a sharp upward trend. This proves beyond any reasonable doubt that indeed in India is incredible – tourists all over the world are expected to continue flowing to India because India is just incredible! Surely, tourism data conforms to the motto “Atithidevo Bhava”. The study boasts of three policy directions that are envisioned to add more positive changes in India’s tourism sector.

Suggested Citation

  • Nyoni, Thabani, 2019. ""Incredible India"-an empirical confrimation from the Box-Jenkins ARIMA technique," MPRA Paper 96909, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:96909

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: original version
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    ARIMA; forecasting; foreign tourist arrivals; India; tourism;

    JEL classification:

    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:96909. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Joachim Winter). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.