IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Operational risk and its determinants among five companies in manufacturing industry in Germany


  • Cipriano, Nur Alisha Arfiffy
  • Zulkeflee, Nur Nabila
  • Amran, Fasihah
  • Shahudin, Haziah Aishah


Operational risk management is an important aspect in an organization to manage operational risk efficiently. Hence, this study intended to investigate the effects of internal and external factor in manufacturing industry towards operational risk. This study employs time series regression analysis of manufacturing industry in Germany from 2012 to 2016. The analysis shows that firm specific factors (average current ratio and average collection period) and macroeconomic factors (the company’s beta) influence the operational risk of the company. This study suggests the company to manage their average collection period by managing their account receivable efficiently through establishing clear credit policies and incorporate more corporate governance elements such as accountability, fairness, independence and transparency.

Suggested Citation

  • Cipriano, Nur Alisha Arfiffy & Zulkeflee, Nur Nabila & Amran, Fasihah & Shahudin, Haziah Aishah, 2018. "Operational risk and its determinants among five companies in manufacturing industry in Germany," MPRA Paper 87013, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:87013

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: original version
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ahmed Arif & Ahmed Nauman Anees, 2012. "Liquidity risk and performance of banking system," Journal of Financial Regulation and Compliance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 20(2), pages 182-195, May.
    2. Waeibrorheem Waemustafa & Suriani Sukri, 2016. "Systematic and Unsystematic Risk Determinants of Liquidity Risk Between Islamic and Conventional Banks," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 6(4), pages 1321-1327.
    3. Guillermo Larraín & Helmut Reisen & Julia von Maltzan, 1997. "Emerging Market Risk and Sovereign Credit Ratings," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 124, OECD Publishing.
    4. Brachinger, Hans Wolfgang, 2006. "Euro or “Teuro”?: The Euro-induced Perceived Inflation in Germany," DQE Working Papers 5, Department of Quantitative Economics, University of Freiburg/Fribourg Switzerland.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    Operational risk; Average collection period; corporate governance;

    JEL classification:

    • G3 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:87013. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Joachim Winter) or (Rebekah McClure). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.