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Probabilistic Approaches to Cleaning the Ganges in Varanasi to Attract Tourists

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  • Batabyal, Amitrajeet
  • Beladi, Hamid

Abstract

We study two probabilistic approaches to cleaning the Ganges river when the underlying goal is to use the cleanup to sustain tourism in Varanasi, India. The first approach models the idea that because resources are scarce and cleanup is costly, not all pollutants in the Ganges can be removed. Therefore, a cleaning agency first establishes a benefit-cost ratio rule and then it uses this rule to remove from the Ganges only those pollutants whose removal satisfies the ratio rule. In contrast, the second approach focuses on removing all pollutants from the Ganges but the emphasis now is on the frequency of cleanup given that pollutants accumulate temporally and hence water quality deteriorates over time. Finally, we compare and contrast these two approaches and discuss the connections between the two approaches and the sustainability of tourism in Varanasi.

Suggested Citation

  • Batabyal, Amitrajeet & Beladi, Hamid, 2018. "Probabilistic Approaches to Cleaning the Ganges in Varanasi to Attract Tourists," MPRA Paper 86649, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 11 Apr 2018.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:86649
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/86649/1/MPRA_paper_86649.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. repec:kap:atlecj:v:45:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s11293-017-9561-7 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Tai, Meng-Yi & Chao, C.C. & Lu, Lee-Jung & Hu, Shih-Wen & Wang, Vey, 2016. "Land conservation, growth and welfare," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 102-110.
    3. Amitrajeet A. Batabyal & Hamid Beladi, 2017. "Cleaning the Ganges in Varanasi to Attract Tourists," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 45(4), pages 511-513, December.
    4. Markandya, A. & Murty, M.N., 2004. "Cost benefit analysis of cleaning the Ganges: some emerging environment and development issues," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 9(01), pages 61-81, February.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Cleanup; Ganges River; Tourism; Uncertainty; Varanasi;

    JEL classification:

    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling

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