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Mixed Economy of Welfare Emerging in Poland: Outplacement and Non-Governmental Employment Agencies Examples


  • Klimczuk, Andrzej


One of the key challenges of social policy in Poland in the early 21st century is to adapt its management to the requirements of a service economy. Essential conditions for the mixed economy of welfare have been already created after adjustments of the subsystems of national social policy during the first years of membership in the European Union since 2004. Labour market policies (LMPs) already include the relationships between providers from the public sector, the commercial sector, and the non-governmental sector. However, the tasks and services of individual entities and institutions still lack coordination and integration. This paper focus on the examples of possibilities for their development by combining the activation (enabling) policy with concepts of the governance and welfare mix. The paper presents the results of the author’s research on the implementation of welfare mix solutions in the field of professional activation of the unemployed people in Poland. Two case studies are included (1) the implementation of outplacement programs that are based on the cooperation between different entities; and (2) the cooperation between the public employment services and non-governmental employment agencies in the activation of people with disabilities in the labour market. Moreover, basic concepts of ongoing reforms of active labour market policies (ALMPs) in Poland were discussed. The summary contains the practical recommendations and possible directions for further research in the field of integration of employment services.

Suggested Citation

  • Klimczuk, Andrzej, 2015. "Mixed Economy of Welfare Emerging in Poland: Outplacement and Non-Governmental Employment Agencies Examples," MPRA Paper 65422, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:65422

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Klimczuk, Andrzej & Marcin, Siedlecki & Paulina, Sadowska & Michał, Sydow, 2013. "Niepubliczne agencje zatrudnienia osób niepełnosprawnych. Możliwości i dylematy rozwoju w sektorze pozarządowym
      [Non-Public Employment Agencies for Disabled Persons. Opportunities and Dilemmas of D
      ," MPRA Paper 48470, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    More about this item


    activation policy; cross-sectoral cooperation; disability; employment agencies; labour market policy; local partnerships and pacts; outplacement; unemployment; welfare mix; mixed economy of welfare;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J28 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Safety; Job Satisfaction; Related Public Policy
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • Z18 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Public Policy

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