IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/pra/mprapa/60895.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

公平与效率对养老改革的双重约束——延迟退休?还是并轨?
[Fairness and Efficiency were the Double Constraints of Pension Reform——Delay Retirement ? or Incorporation ?]

Author

Listed:
  • Zou, Tieding
  • Ye, Hang

Abstract

本文运用养老金亏空规模度量模型对比分析了延迟退休和并轨的公平性及效率性,并运用中国在1997-2012年间的数据对两种养老改革的公平性及效率性进行了模拟分析。研究发现,延迟退休并不能从根源上解决养老金亏空问题,而只是将养老金支付危机的爆发时机往后推迟了一段时间。同时,延迟退休既会降低现存工作代在退休后的养老待遇,又会加重延迟退休到期以后若干新生代的养老负担,从而不利于改善养老福利在代际间的分配公平性。此外,延迟退休还会吞噬掉大量工作机会,不利于降低新增劳动力的就业风险和宏观经济的不确定性。与延迟退休相比,并轨体制内外的养老保险体系,不但能在较短的时间内解决养老金亏空问题,还能缩小体制内外的养老差异,从而有利于改善养老福利在代内及代际间的分配公平性。此外,用并轨替代延迟退休,可减少延退者对工作机会的侵占,有利于缓解劳动力市场供过于求的结构性矛盾,从而有利于促进劳动力资源的优化配置和提高宏观经济的运行效率。所以,当前养老改革的方向应当优先考虑并轨,然后才是延迟退休。

Suggested Citation

  • Zou, Tieding & Ye, Hang, 2013. "公平与效率对养老改革的双重约束——延迟退休?还是并轨? [Fairness and Efficiency were the Double Constraints of Pension Reform——Delay Retirement ? or Incorporation ?]," MPRA Paper 60895, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 05 Jan 2014.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:60895
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/60895/1/MPRA_paper_60895.pdf
    File Function: original version
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Borsch-Supan, Axel & Schnabel, Reinhold, 1998. "Social Security and Declining Labor-Force Participation in Germany," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(2), pages 173-178, May.
    2. Dewen Wang, 2006. "China's Urban and Rural Old Age Security System: Challenges and Options," China & World Economy, Institute of World Economics and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, vol. 14(1), pages 102-116, February.
    3. Sayan, Serdar & Kiraci, Arzdar, 2001. "Parametric pension reform with higher retirement ages: A computational investigation of alternatives for a pay-as-you-go-based pension system," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 25(6-7), pages 951-966, June.
    4. Even, William E & Macpherson, David A, 1990. "The Gender Gap in Pensions and Wages," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 72(2), pages 259-265, May.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    养老保险; 延迟退休; 并轨;

    JEL classification:

    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:60895. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Joachim Winter). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/vfmunde.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.