Eco-Labelling and the Labour Market
In this paper I try to analyse the impact of environmental policies in the presence of eco-labelling on the wage level and production levels. For this I start with a general equilibrium framework where a country produces two traded goods using labour and capital, one of which pollutes when consumed. The pollution generated depends on the abatement technology used by the firms and also the scale of production and affects the health of workers and labour productivity. Since the consumers are adversely affected by the pollution generation, they are willing to pay a higher price for a cleaner variety of the dirty good. However, since the pollution is generated during production, they cannot judge the cleanliness of a good. Here the government steps in, monitors the pollution generation and issues an eco-labelling certificate regarding the quality. In this framework, analyse the impact of environmental standards on the wage levels and production. I find that a minimum standard adversely affects the wage rate, unless the productivity effect is very small. However, the eco-labelling process aides the labour market as it tempers the impact of the standard on wages.
|Date of creation:||18 Dec 2012|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: |
Web page: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de
More information through EDIRC
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Morgenstern, Richard D. & Pizer, William A. & Shih, Jhih-Shyang, 2002.
"Jobs Versus the Environment: An Industry-Level Perspective,"
Journal of Environmental Economics and Management,
Elsevier, vol. 43(3), pages 412-436, May.
- Pizer, William & Morgenstern, Richard & Shih, Jhih-Shyang, 1999. "Jobs Versus the Environment: An Industry-level Perspective," Discussion Papers dp-99-01-rev, Resources For the Future.
- Roberton C. Williams, 2000.
"Environmental Tax Interactions When Pollution Affects Health or Productivity,"
NBER Working Papers
8049, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Williams, Roberton III, 2002. "Environmental Tax Interactions when Pollution Affects Health or Productivity," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 44(2), pages 261-270, September.
- Mattoo, Aaditya & Singh, Harsha V, 1994. "Eco-labelling: Policy Considerations," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(1), pages 53-65.
- Jaskold Gabszewicz, J. & Thisse, J. -F., 1979.
"Price competition, quality and income disparities,"
Journal of Economic Theory,
Elsevier, vol. 20(3), pages 340-359, June.
- Bansal, Sangeeta & Gangopadhyay, Shubhashis, 2003. "Tax/subsidy policies in the presence of environmentally aware consumers," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 45(2, Supple), pages 333-355, March.
- Wesley Nimon & John Beghin, 1999.
"Ecolabels and International Trade in the Textile and Apparel Market,"
American Journal of Agricultural Economics,
Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 81(5), pages 1078-1083.
- Nimon, Wesley & Beghin, John C., 1999. "Ecolabels and International Trade in the Textile and Apparel Market," Staff General Research Papers 1886, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
- Sen, Anindita & Acharyya, Rajat, 2012. "Environmental standard and employment: impact of productivity effect," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 17(02), pages 207-225, April.
- Copeland, Brian R. & Taylor, M. Scott, 1999.
"Trade, spatial separation, and the environment,"
Journal of International Economics,
Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 137-168, February.
- Ichiroh Daitoh, 2003. "Environmental Protection and Urban Unemployment: Environmental Policy Reform in a Polluted Dualistic Economy," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 7(3), pages 496-509, 08.
- Roger A. Sedjo & Stephen K. Swallow, 2002. "Voluntary Eco-Labeling and the Price Premium," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 78(2), pages 272-284.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:49169. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Ekkehart Schlicht)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.