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Feed and Fodder Value Chains in Bihar: Some Empirical Evidences

Author

Listed:
  • Singh, K.M.
  • Singh, R.K.P.
  • Jha, A.K.
  • Kumar, Abhay
  • Kumar, Anjani
  • Meena, M.S.

Abstract

Livestock production, especially dairy, has long been an important activity for smallholder and resource-poor farmers in India, both for household nutrition and income. Most of the livestock are kept in mixed farming systems, where crop residues, mainly cereal straws have been an important feed resource. India is deficient in the supply of fodder, resulting in very low levels of productivity that limit marketable surplus of milk. In Bihar State, over 50% of the land area is planted to rice, and rice straw along with wheat straw and some pulse residues form the main animal feeds. Recent studies in the Indo-Gangetic Plain have highlighted the problem of insufficient fodder and the poor nutritive value of fodder, a problem which becomes more acute in the more eastern parts of the region where agricultural resources–particularly arable land and water–become scarcer. Fodder scarcity affects most farmers but is particularly acute for landless and those with access to only small area of land. Chronic feed deficit is the major constraint to animal production in Bihar. Most of the dairy farmers are smallholders having one or two local-breed milch animals, which are raised on crop residues and natural pastures with under-employed family labour. Feeding grains, oil cakes and green nutritious fodder are generally restricted to some crossbred cattle. The feed and fodder deficiencies, in fact, have been the main limiting factors in raising livestock productivity. The present study is an attempt to look into various issues of feed and fodder markets and the role of various stakeholders in fodder value chains.

Suggested Citation

  • Singh, K.M. & Singh, R.K.P. & Jha, A.K. & Kumar, Abhay & Kumar, Anjani & Meena, M.S., 2013. "Feed and Fodder Value Chains in Bihar: Some Empirical Evidences," MPRA Paper 48651, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 27 Jul 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:48651
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/48651/1/MPRA_paper_48651.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Singh, K.M. & Singh, R.K.P. & Jha, A.K. & Kumar, Abhay, 2013. "Fodder Market in Bihar: An Exploratory Study," MPRA Paper 53597, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 20 Apr 2013.
    2. Singh, K.M. & Singh, R.K.P. & Jha, A.K. & Kumar, Anjani, 2012. "Understanding the Fodder Markets for Sustainable Development of Livestock Sector in Bihar-A Rapid Appraisal Approach," MPRA Paper 47059, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 23 Jan 2013.
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    Cited by:

    1. Singh, K.M. & Singh, R.K.P. & Jha, A.K. & Kumar, Abhay, 2013. "Fodder Market in Bihar: An Exploratory Study," MPRA Paper 53597, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 20 Apr 2013.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Feed; Fodder; Marketing; Feed Quality; Value chains; Bihar; India;

    JEL classification:

    • M31 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Marketing and Advertising - - - Marketing
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • Q1 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture
    • Q13 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness

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