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Factors of Economic Growth in Latvia

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  • Krasnopjorovs, Olegs

Abstract

Uneven economic growth during the recent years raise the question whether any factor of economic growth aside economic cycle fluctuations exists in Latvia. The objective of the Doctoral Thesis is, to assess the factors of economic growth in Latvia using econometric modelling techniques, and to solve various problems that arise when such techniques are used in Latvia's case. The Doctoral Thesis has identified the main factor of economic growth in Latvia – fixed capital accumulation. Although every euro of public investments on average contributes to the GDP growth at least as much as the euro of private investments, fixed capital accumulation in the private sector is the primary source of economic growth owing to its larger amount and faster growth. The positive impact of fixed capital accumulation on the average labour productivity level in the country is both direct (increasing capital to labour ratio) and indirect (allowing to use more productive technologies). It is fixed capital accumulation that was the main factor that determined the convergences process of Latvia's average income and labour productivity level to the respective indicator in the EU-15 (countries that entered EU before 2004). The Doctoral Thesis has identified the role of other factors of economic growth in Latvia as well as in other EU countries: labour, human capital and natural resource capacity in a country; changes of economic structure; world technical progress and country backwardness in respect to the world production frontier; regional aspects. The Doctoral Thesis showed that results of the research depend crucially on selection of a particular method, statistical data source and assumptions. Therefore, a considerable part of the research is devoted to the methodological features of statistical data as well as to the check of result stability in respect to alternative methods and assumptions.

Suggested Citation

  • Krasnopjorovs, Olegs, 2013. "Factors of Economic Growth in Latvia," MPRA Paper 45500, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:45500
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/45500/1/MPRA_paper_45500.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Olegs Krasnopjorovs, 2011. "Is Public Capital More Productive than Private Capital: Evidence from Latvia 1995-2009," Economic Studies journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 3, pages 168-180.
    2. Krasnopjorovs, Olegs, 2012. "Measuring the sources of economic growth in the EU with parametric and non-parametric methods," MPRA Paper 47583, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Краснопёров, Олег, 2012. "Почему Бедные Страны Развиваются Быстрее: Оценка Процесса Бета-Конвергенции В Европейском Союзе
      [Why the poor countries are developing faster: measuring the beta-convergence process in the European
      ," MPRA Paper 47551, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Krasnopjorovs, Olegs, 2009. "Privātā un sabiedriskā kapitāla nozīme Latvijas ekonomikas izaugsmē
      [Contribution of private and public capital to economic growth in Latvia]
      ," MPRA Paper 47580, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Krasnopjorovs, Olegs, 2009. "Latvijas valdības izdevumu efektivitātes novērtējums
      [Measuring of public spending efficiency in Latvia]
      ," MPRA Paper 47581, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    economic growth; production function; non-parametric methods; growth accounting; real convergence;

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence

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