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Are there dynamic externalities from direct foreign investment? Evidence for Morocco

Author

Listed:
  • Harrison, Ann
  • Haddad, Mona

Abstract

Many developing countris now actively solicit foreign investment, offering income tax holidays, import duty exemptions, and subsidies to foreign firms. One reason for subsidizing these firms is the positive externalities as foreign technology is transferred from foreign to domestic firms. This paper employs a unique firm-level dataset to test for such dynamic externalities in the Moroccan manufacturing sector. We find no evidence of positive externalities, although the dispersion of productivity is smaller in sectors with more foreign firms. Using detailed information on quotas and tariffs, we also reject the hypothesis that the lack of such dynamic externalities occurs because foreign investors are attracted to protected domestic sectors.

Suggested Citation

  • Harrison, Ann & Haddad, Mona, 1993. "Are there dynamic externalities from direct foreign investment? Evidence for Morocco," MPRA Paper 36279, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:36279
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/36279/1/MPRA_paper_36279.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Schmidt, Peter & Sickles, Robin C, 1984. "Production Frontiers and Panel Data," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 2(4), pages 367-374, October.
    2. Blomstrom, Magnus & Wolff, E.N., 1989. "Multinational Corporations And Productivity Convergence In Mexico," Working Papers 89-28, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
    3. Caves, Richard E, 1974. "Multinational Firms, Competition, and Productivity in Host-Country Markets," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 41(162), pages 176-193, May.
    4. Blomstrom, Magnus & Persson, Hakan, 1983. "Foreign investment and spillover efficiency in an underdeveloped economy: Evidence from the Mexican manufacturing industry," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 11(6), pages 493-501, June.
    5. Blomstrom, Magnus, 1986. "Foreign Investment and Productive Efficiency: The Case of Mexico," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 35(1), pages 97-110, September.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Morocco; foreign investment; technology transfer; trade reform;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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