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The consumer empowerment index. A measure of skills, awareness and engagement of European consumers


  • Nardo, Michela
  • Loi, Massimo
  • Rosati, Rossana
  • Manca, Anna Rita


The Consumer Empowerment Index is a pilot exercise, aimed at obtaining a first snapshot of the state of consumer empowerment as measured by the Eurobarometer survey (Special Eurobarometer n. 342). It is neither a final answer on empowerment nor a comprehensive study on all the different facets of consumer empowerment, but instead it is meant to foster the debate on the determinants of empowerment and their importance for protecting consumers. This report describes the steps followed in the construction of the Index of consumer Empowerment. In particular the definition of the theoretical framework, the quantification of categorical survey questions, the univariate and multivariate analysis of the dataset, and the set of weight used for calculating the scores and ranks of the Index. The report also discusses the robustness of the results and the relationship between the Index and the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents in order to identify the features of the most vulnerable consumers. The Consumer Empowerment Index identifies Norway as the leading country followed by Finland, the Netherlands and Germany and Denmark. The middle of the ranking is dominated by western countries such as Belgium, France, and UK, with an average score 13% lower than the top five. At the bottom of the Index are some Eastern and Baltic countries like Bulgaria, Lithuania, Poland, and Romania with a score 31% lower on average (this gap reaches 40% and 38% in Awareness of consumer legislation and Consumer skills). A group of southern countries, Italy, Portugal, and Spain score poorly in the Index, especially in the pillar Consumer skills where the gap with the top performers reaches 30%.

Suggested Citation

  • Nardo, Michela & Loi, Massimo & Rosati, Rossana & Manca, Anna Rita, 2011. "The consumer empowerment index. A measure of skills, awareness and engagement of European consumers," MPRA Paper 30711, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:30711

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:5:p:693-:d:96984 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Herm Joosten & Josée M. M. Bloemer & Bas Hillebrand, 2016. "The Effects of Third-Party Arbitration: A Field Experiment," Journal of Consumer Affairs, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 50(3), pages 585-610, November.
    3. repec:aes:amfeco:v:45:y:2017:i:19:p:354 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Camelia I. Lungu & Cornelia Dascalu & Chirata Caraini & Erica C. Balea, 2014. "Econometric Approach of the Scenarios regarding the Impact of the Consumer’s Empowerment and Companies’ Responsibility for Environment Sustainability on the Electricity Market Performance," The AMFITEATRU ECONOMIC journal, Academy of Economic Studies - Bucharest, Romania, vol. 16(35), pages 187-187, February.

    More about this item


    Consumer empowerment; composite indicators;

    JEL classification:

    • D18 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Protection
    • D1 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior

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