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Tourism Development Policy, Strategic Alliances and Impact of Consumer Price Index on Tourist Arrivals: The Case of Malaysia


  • Nanthakumar, Loganathan
  • Ibrahim, Yahaya
  • Harun, Madzli


Many studies have shown the importance of tourism industry in enhancing trade performance and economic development. This study examines the hypothesis of ‘economic-driven’ tourism growth in Malaysia by using econometric modelling. To generate the empirical analysis, this study used data from 1980-2007 to analyze the economic-driven tourism growth by using vector autoregressive (VAR) estimation. The long-run relationship between specific variables is considered using the Johansen and Juselius cointegration analysis. Finally, Granger-causality results implies causal relationship of economic-driven tourism growth in Malaysia. Therefore, this study suggests policies and strategies to overcome the importance of economic-driven tourism in Malaysia in the future.

Suggested Citation

  • Nanthakumar, Loganathan & Ibrahim, Yahaya & Harun, Madzli, 2007. "Tourism Development Policy, Strategic Alliances and Impact of Consumer Price Index on Tourist Arrivals: The Case of Malaysia," MPRA Paper 25376, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 24 Nov 2007.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:25376

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Garcia-Ferrer, Antonio & Queralt, Ricardo A., 1997. "A note on forecasting international tourism demand in Spain," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 539-549, December.
    2. Phillips, P.C.B., 1986. "Understanding spurious regressions in econometrics," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 311-340, December.
    3. Johansen, Soren, 1995. "Likelihood-Based Inference in Cointegrated Vector Autoregressive Models," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198774501.
    4. McCallum, Bennett T., 1984. "On low-frequency estimates of long-run relationships in macroeconomics," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 3-14, July.
    5. Johansen, Soren, 1988. "Statistical analysis of cointegration vectors," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 12(2-3), pages 231-254.
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    Cited by:

    1. Sergej Gricar & Stefan Bojnec & Vesna Karadzic & Svetlana Rakocevic, 2016. "Comparative Analysis of Tourism-Led Growth in Slovenia and Montenegro," Managing Global Transitions, University of Primorska, Faculty of Management Koper, vol. 14(1 (Spring), pages 75-92.
    2. repec:gam:jecomi:v:4:y:2016:i:1:p:3:d:64547 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Tan Khee Giap & Sasidaran Gopalan & Ye Ye, 2016. "Drivers of Growth in the Travel and Tourism Industry in Malaysia: A Geweke Causality Analysis," Economies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(1), pages 1-15, February.

    More about this item


    Tourism; economic growth; consumer price index;

    JEL classification:

    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • M1 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration
    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism


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