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The Political Economy of Disaster Vulnerability: A Case Study of Pakistan Earthquake 2005


  • Yasir, Agha


Literature on natural hazards typically perceives disasters to be acts of God (or nature) while restricting the examination of their causes to biophysical and geographical explanations. This paper takes a different approach; first, it argues that disasters are socially constructed and, second, it situates the interactions of large-scale natural forces with local political-economic conditions within the context of vulnerability to contend that disasters are consequences of unresolved development challenges. Using the Pressure and Release (PAR) Model the paper suggests the usefulness of the concept of vulnerability that shapes local geographies of risk and weak institutions which transform and enhance the negative impacts of ‘natural’ hazards into ‘man-made’ disasters.

Suggested Citation

  • Yasir, Agha, 2009. "The Political Economy of Disaster Vulnerability: A Case Study of Pakistan Earthquake 2005," MPRA Paper 20762, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:20762

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    Cited by:

    1. Rashida Haq, 2015. "Shocks as a Source of Vulnerability: An Empirical Investigation from Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 54(3), pages 245-272.

    More about this item


    Vulnerability; Natural Hazards; Disasters; Political Economy; Pakistan;

    JEL classification:

    • D73 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Bureaucracy; Administrative Processes in Public Organizations; Corruption
    • Y40 - Miscellaneous Categories - - Dissertations - - - Dissertations
    • H1 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • F54 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - Colonialism; Imperialism; Postcolonialism
    • P16 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Political Economy of Capitalism
    • N55 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - Asia including Middle East
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy

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