IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Foreign Direct Investment, Growth, and Publication Bias in Latin America and the Caribbean


  • Iorngurum, Tersoo


Economic literature contains conflicting empirical results and explanations concerning the growth effect of foreign direct investment (FDI). In this study, several numerical estimates of FDI’s growth effect in Latin America and the Caribbean were drawn from 33 empirical studies and analysed with meta-analytic techniques. The results show that the true growth effect of FDI is near zero and statistically insignificant at all conventional levels. Tests of publication bias performed on the estimates reveal evidence of publication bias in peer-reviewed journal publications authored by PhD holders, but reveal no evidence of publication bias in the empirical literature as a whole. Furthermore, multivariate meta-regression analysis and Bayesian model averaging both show that publication bias is dependent on type of publication outlet and sample size. More precisely, publishing in peer-reviewed journals leads to publication bias, while sample size enlargement reduces publication bias.

Suggested Citation

  • Iorngurum, Tersoo, 2022. "Foreign Direct Investment, Growth, and Publication Bias in Latin America and the Caribbean," MPRA Paper 112084, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:112084

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: original version
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Balasubramanyam, V N & Salisu, M & Sapsford, David, 1996. "Foreign Direct Investment and Growth in EP and IS Countries," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 106(434), pages 92-105, January.
    2. Mamingi, Nlandu & Martin, Kareem, 2018. "Foreign direct investment and growth in developing countries: evidence from the countries of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), April.
    3. Iamsiraroj, Sasi & Ulubaşoğlu, Mehmet Ali, 2015. "Foreign direct investment and economic growth: A real relationship or wishful thinking?," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 200-213.
    4. Tomas Havranek & Zuzana Irsova, 2012. "Survey Article: Publication Bias in the Literature on Foreign Direct Investment Spillovers," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(10), pages 1375-1396, October.
    5. John P. A. Ioannidis & T. D. Stanley & Hristos Doucouliagos, 2017. "The Power of Bias in Economics Research," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 127(605), pages 236-265, October.
    6. Magnus Blomström & Ari Kokko & Mario Zejan, 2000. "Foreign Direct Investment," Palgrave Macmillan Books, Palgrave Macmillan, number 978-0-230-59861-4, March.
    7. Daniel H. Vedia-Jerez & Coro Chasco, 2016. "Long-run determinants of economic growth in South America," Journal of Applied Economics, Universidad del CEMA, vol. 19, pages 169-192, May.
    8. V. N. Balasubramanyam & M. A. Salisu & David Sapsford, 1996. "Foreign Direct Investment, Trade Policy and Economic Growth," Palgrave Macmillan Books, in: V. N. Balasubramanyam & D. Greenaway (ed.), Trade and Development, chapter 1, pages 3-21, Palgrave Macmillan.
    9. Alfaro, Laura & Chanda, Areendam & Kalemli-Ozcan, Sebnem & Sayek, Selin, 2004. "FDI and economic growth: the role of local financial markets," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(1), pages 89-112, October.
    10. HOSEIN, Roger & DEONANAN, Regan & EVANS, Kimbert, 2019. "Foreign Direct Investment, Exports and Economic Growth in SIDS: Evidence from Saint Lucia," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura di Genova, vol. 72(1), pages 47-76.
    11. Blomström, Magnus & Kokko, Ari & Globerman, Steve, 2000. "The Determinants of Host Country Spillovers from Foreign Direct Investment," CEPR Discussion Papers 2350, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    12. -, 2018. "CEPAL Review no. 124," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), April.
    13. V N Balasubramanyam & M Salisu & David Sapsford, "undated". "Foreign Direct Investment and Growth: New Hypotheses and Evidence," Working Papers ec7/96, Department of Economics, University of Lancaster.
    14. Chris Doucouliagos & T.D. Stanley, 2013. "Are All Economic Facts Greatly Exaggerated? Theory Competition And Selectivity," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(2), pages 316-339, April.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Philipp Heimberger, 2022. "Does economic globalisation promote economic growth? A meta‐analysis," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 45(6), pages 1690-1712, June.
    2. Jen‐Chung Mei, 2023. "Foreign direct investment and relative capacity: Theory and evidence," Economics of Transition and Institutional Change, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 31(4), pages 1175-1214, October.
    3. Mohammad I. Elian & Nabeel Sawalha & Ahmed Bani-Mustafa, 2020. "Revisiting the FDI–Growth Nexus: ARDL Bound Test for BRICS Standalone Economies," Modern Applied Science, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 14(6), pages 1-1, June.
    4. David Mayer‐Foulkes & Peter Nunnenkamp, 2009. "Do Multinational Enterprises Contribute to Convergence or Divergence? A Disaggregated Analysis of US FDI," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(2), pages 304-318, May.
    5. Sunde, Tafirenyika, 2022. "The impact of foreign direct investment on Namibia’s economic growth: A time series investigation," MPRA Paper 117366, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 03 May 2023.
    6. Burcu ŞENALP, 2018. "Foreign Direct Investment, Economic Growth and Economic Freedom: A Literature Survey," Istanbul Journal of Economics-Istanbul Iktisat Dergisi, Istanbul University, Faculty of Economics, vol. 68(2), pages 301-336, December.
    7. Makiela, Kamil & Ouattara, Bazoumana, 2018. "Foreign direct investment and economic growth: Exploring the transmission channels," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 296-305.
    8. Samuel Adams & Edem Kwame Mensah Klobodu & Richmond Odartey Lamptey, 2017. "The Effects of Capital Flows on Economic Growth in Senegal," Margin: The Journal of Applied Economic Research, National Council of Applied Economic Research, vol. 11(2), pages 121-142, May.
    9. Rajneesh Narula & André Pineli, 2017. "Multinational Enterprises and Economic Development in Host Countries: What We Know and What We Don’t Know," Palgrave Studies in Impact Finance, in: Gianluigi Giorgioni (ed.), Development Finance, chapter 6, pages 147-188, Palgrave Macmillan.
    10. Naijela Janaina Costa Silveira & Diogo Ferraz & Eduardo Polloni‐Silva & Diego Scarpa de Mello & Fernanda Pereira Sartori Falguera & Herick Fernando Moralles, 2022. "Modeling the building blocks of country‐level absorptive capacity: Comparing developed and emergent economies," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 74(3), pages 783-824, July.
    11. Iamsiraroj, Sasi & Ulubaşoğlu, Mehmet Ali, 2015. "Foreign direct investment and economic growth: A real relationship or wishful thinking?," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 200-213.
    12. Omar G. Aziz, 2022. "FDI inflows and economic growth in Arab region: The institutional quality channel," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 27(1), pages 1009-1024, January.
    13. Chengchun Li & Sailesh Tanna & Baseerit Nissah, 2023. "The effect of institutions on the foreign direct investment‐growth nexus: What matters most?," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46(7), pages 1999-2031, July.
    14. Matija Rojec & Mark Knell, 2018. "Why Is There A Lack Of Evidence On Knowledge Spillovers From Foreign Direct Investment?," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 32(3), pages 579-612, July.
    15. Mohamad A. Abou Hamia, 2022. "What level of international technology should developing countries transfer to sustain their economic growth?," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 56(6), pages 4217-4239, December.
    16. Sabina Silajdzic & Eldin Mehic, 2016. "Absorptive Capabilities, FDI, and Economic Growth in Transition Economies," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 52(4), pages 904-922, April.
    17. Didenko Alexander & Egorova Tatiana, 2014. "Innovations as factor of absorptive capacity of fdi spillovers across regions of Russian Federation," Review of Business and Economics Studies, CyberLeninka;Федеральное государственное образовательное бюджетное учреждение высшего профессионального образования «Финансовый университет при Правительстве Российской Федерации» (Финансовый университет), issue 3, pages 75-85.
    18. James Temitope Dada & Ezekiel Olamide Abanikanda, 2022. "The moderating effect of institutions in foreign direct investment led growth hypothesis in Nigeria," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 55(2), pages 903-929, May.
    19. Hüseyin Şen & Ayşe Kaya & Ayşegül Durucan, 2023. "New insights into the growth-maximizing size of government: evidence and implications for Turkey," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 56(4), pages 2243-2296, August.
    20. Sovath Kenh, 2023. "The impact of development strategy choice on capital mobility and economic growth," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 35(7), pages 1782-1813, October.

    More about this item


    Foreign Direct Investment; Economic Growth; Publication Bias; Meta-Analysis; Latin America and the Caribbean.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C83 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Survey Methods; Sampling Methods
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:112084. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Joachim Winter (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.