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Growth and Poverty Reduction Does Political Regime Matter?

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  • Quibria, M.G.

Abstract

This essay explores the relationship between political regime and critical economic outcomes such as economic growth and poverty reduction. The organization of the paper is as follows. Section 2 makes a brief review of the economic performance of developing Asian economies over the last four decades. As these economies have varied significantly in terms of economic outcomes as well as their political complexions, a simple juxtaposition of the two would suggest a link between political regimes and economic outcomes. Given this apparent association between political regimes and economic outcomes, this section argues that the superior economic performance (in terms of economic growth and poverty reduction) of the authoritarian or semi-authoritarian East Asian economies, compared to their democratic counterparts, can be attributed to their underlying differences in the process of policy making, in the nature of the bureaucracy, and in the type of economic governance. Sections 3 through 5 provide further elaboration on this. The paper ends in Section 6, which offers some concluding remarks.

Suggested Citation

  • Quibria, M.G., 2003. "Growth and Poverty Reduction Does Political Regime Matter?," MPRA Paper 10302, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Jun 2003.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:10302
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/10302/1/MPRA_paper_10302.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Adam Przeworski & Fernando Limongi, 1993. "Political Regimes and Economic Growth," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 7(3), pages 51-69, Summer.
    2. Acemoglu, Daron & Johnson, Simon & Robinson, James A, 2002. "An African Success Story: Botswana," CEPR Discussion Papers 3219, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Rana Hasan & M.G. Quibria & Yangseon Kim, 2003. "Poverty and Economic Freedom: Evidence from Cross-Country Data," Economics Study Area Working Papers 60, East-West Center, Economics Study Area.
    4. Sen, Amartya, 1983. "Development: Which Way Now?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 93(372), pages 742-762, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Subhani, Muhammad Imtiaz & Osman, Ms. Amber & Lakhiya, Zubair, 2011. "The Structure and Performance of Economy of Pakistan (Comparative Study between Democratic and Non-Democratic Governments)," MPRA Paper 34732, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2011.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Political regimes; economic growth; poverty reduction;

    JEL classification:

    • O43 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Institutions and Growth
    • A19 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Other

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