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Challenges And Opportunities Of The Ten Billion Tree Tsunami Project (TBTTPP): A Case Study Of The Ex-FATA (Pakistan)


  • Nazam Maqbool

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics)


Forests and trees act as the lungs of the Earth. They have a significant role in: archiving sustainable development, mitigating climate change through carbon sequestration, contributing to the balance of oxygen, Carbon dioxide (CO2) and humidity in the air, and protecting watersheds. They also reduce the risk of natural disasters, including floods, droughts, landslides and other extreme events; home to most of the animals, plants and insects; and provide shelter, jobs and security for forest-dependent communities. Forests are also a major source of fuel, as they provide firewood for millions of mostly poor people. The decades of exploitation have destroyed and degraded much of the Earth’s natural forests.

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  • Nazam Maqbool, 2024. "Challenges And Opportunities Of The Ten Billion Tree Tsunami Project (TBTTPP): A Case Study Of The Ex-FATA (Pakistan)," PIDE Knowledge Brief 2024:111, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:kbrief:2024:111

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    1. T. W. Crowther & H. B. Glick & K. R. Covey & C. Bettigole & D. S. Maynard & S. M. Thomas & J. R. Smith & G. Hintler & M. C. Duguid & G. Amatulli & M.-N. Tuanmu & W. Jetz & C. Salas & C. Stam & D. Piot, 2015. "Mapping tree density at a global scale," Nature, Nature, vol. 525(7568), pages 201-205, September.
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