IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Towards Harmonised Bilateral Trade Data for Inter-Country Input-Output Analyses: Statistical Issues

Listed author(s):
  • Dong Guo
  • Colin Webb


  • Norihiko Yamano


Understanding the increasingly complex structures of international trade is an important concern for policy makers, as deepening economic integration is characterised by the growing trade in intermediate goods and services between countries. Analyses based on international input-output tables can help address trade-related policy issues as well as providing other insights into the socio-economic and environmental impacts of globalisation. To link national input-output tables in order to carry out interdependent analyses across countries requires a consistent set of harmonised international bilateral trade data that ideally reflects recent output by the economic activities in question. This paper discusses the challenges faced when attempting to construct appropriate bilateral trade matrices using annual data collected by the OECD and United Nations, as well as national sources. While the main focus is on the increasing presence of “re-exports” in reported exports of goods data, this paper also addresses some other statistical and data issues that need to be considered, such as treatment of confidential (or “unallocated”) trade in goods; trade in secondhand goods, scrap metal and other waste; differences in trade statistics across international statistical agencies; and the additional problems encountered when converting product-based trade data to industry-based classifications. Issues concerning Balance of Payments data, the main source for trade in services, are also addressed. Vers des données harmonisées sur les échanges bilatéraux pour l'analyse internationale des entrées-sorties : Problèmes statistiques Comprendre les structures de plus en plus complexes du commerce international constitue un enjeu important pour les responsables de l'action publique, dans la mesure où le renforcement de l'intégration économique se caractérise par des échanges croissants de services ainsi que de biens intermédiaires entre pays. Les analyses réalisées à partir de tableaux d'entrées-sorties internationaux peuvent apporter des éléments de réponse aux questions de politique publique liées aux échanges, et fournir d'autres enseignements sur les répercussions socioéconomiques et environnementales de la mondialisation. Pour analyser les relations d’interdépendance entre pays, il est nécessaire de coupler les tableaux d’entrées-sorties nationaux; pour ce faire, il faut disposer d’un ensemble de données harmonisées cohérentes portant sur les échanges internationaux et correspondant, dans l’idéal, à la production récente des activités économiques. Ce document examine les difficultés rencontrées pour construire des tableaux de commerce bilatéral adéquats, à partir des bases de données annuelles sur le commerce international gérées par l’OCDE et les Nations Unies, ou d’informations provenant de sources nationales. Ce papier traite principalement de la présence croissante des « réexportations » dans les exportations de marchandises recensées et il soulève également d’autres problèmes statistiques, ou liés aux données, dont il faut tenir compte. Il s’agit notamment des différences de données du commerce entre les divers organismes statistiques internationaux, du traitement des échanges des biens confidentiels (ou « non attribués »), du commerce des biens d’occasion, de débris de métaux et autres déchets, ainsi que des problèmes liés à la conversion des données d’échange par produit en données sectorielles. Ce document traite aussi des problèmes liés aux échanges de services provenant de la Balance des Paiements.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers with number 2009/4.

in new window

Date of creation: 25 Feb 2009
Handle: RePEc:oec:stiaaa:2009/4-en
Contact details of provider: Postal:
2 rue Andre Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16

Phone: 33-(0)-1-45 24 82 00
Fax: 33-(0)-1-45 24 85 00
Web page:

More information through EDIRC

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:oec:stiaaa:2009/4-en. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ()

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.