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Time Efficiency at World Container Ports


  • César Ducruet
  • Hidekazu Itoh

    (Kwansei Gakuin University)

  • Olaf Merk



The ability of ports to ensure efficient cargo transfers is one central dimension of their overall function as transport nodes. Before containerization, such as in the late nineteenth century, large seaports were already competing in their attempt providing fast transit between sea and land, in a context of growing global trades (Marnot, 2012). Such aspects are even more crucial nowadays when the port can be considered as only one element of value-driven supply chains (Robinson, 2002) or as a set of independent terminals operated by global actors (Olivier and Slack, 2006). While port efficiency as a whole may be understood from various perspectives, its influence on trade facilitation (Clark et al., 2004) and regional development (Haddad et al., 2010) has been well underlined. Ways to measure port efficiency and performance are very diverse, but the time factor has been so far largely left aside, especially in international comparative studies of ports. More frequent are case studies of specific aspects such as fast-ship services (De Langen, 1999), broader approaches such as the global synchronization of transport terminals in a context of space/time collapse (Rodrigue, 1999), or operations research about queuing models of vessels in relation to port entrance channels and berth allocation and productivity.

Suggested Citation

  • César Ducruet & Hidekazu Itoh & Olaf Merk, 2014. "Time Efficiency at World Container Ports," International Transport Forum Discussion Papers 2014/8, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:itfaab:2014/8-en
    DOI: 10.1787/5jrw2z46t56l-en

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    Cited by:

    1. Zamora-Torres, América I. & Cobian, Cinthya, 2019. "Efficiency analysis of mexican Lazaro Cardenas Port," Chapters from the Proceedings of the Hamburg International Conference of Logistics (HICL), in: Jahn, Carlos & Kersten, Wolfgang & Ringle, Christian M. (ed.), Digital Transformation in Maritime and City Logistics: Smart Solutions for Logistics. Proceedings of the Hamburg International Conference of Logistics, volume 28, pages 215-238, Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH), Institute of Business Logistics and General Management.
    2. Feng, Mingxiang & Shaw, Shih-Lung & Peng, Guojun & Fang, Zhixiang, 2020. "Time efficiency assessment of ship movements in maritime ports: A case study of two ports based on AIS data," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 86(C).
    3. Shmuel Yahalom & Changqian Guan, 2018. "Containership port time: The bay time factor," Maritime Economics & Logistics, Palgrave Macmillan;International Association of Maritime Economists (IAME), vol. 20(2), pages 211-227, June.

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