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Environmental Innovation in Germany

Author

Listed:
  • Ivan Haščič

    (OECD)

Abstract

This paper reviews the recent experience of Germany in encouraging innovation to reduce negative environmental impacts of economic activity. The essence of the German approach to policy-induced environmental innovation is discussed in the context of changing policy objectives, and illustrated with selected examples from waste management, renewable energy and transportation. The paper covers environmental and general innovation policies and the cross-cutting issue of policy co-ordination. Particular attention is paid to analysis of policies to promote renewable energy, including feed-in tariffs, and policies to promote advanced transportation. Ce document analyse le bilan de l’action menée dans un passé récent en Allemagne pour encourager une innovation tournée vers la réduction des effets négatifs de l’activité économique sur l’environnement. La nature profonde de l’approche de l’Allemagne, qui mise sur le développement d’innovations environnementales sous l’impulsion des politiques publiques, est examinée dans le contexte de l’évolution des objectifs de l’action publique, et illustrée par plusieurs exemples portant sur la gestion des déchets, les énergies renouvelables et les transports. Ce document aborde les politiques en faveur de l’innovation environnementale et de l’innovation en général, de même que la question transversale de la coordination des politiques. Une attention particulière est portée à l’analyse des mesures visant à promouvoir les énergies renouvelables – dont les tarifs de rachat – et des mesures visant à promouvoir les technologies avancées de transport.

Suggested Citation

  • Ivan Haščič, 2012. "Environmental Innovation in Germany," OECD Environment Working Papers 53, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:envaaa:53-en
    as

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5k8x9b2lljzv-en
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    coordination des politiques; eco-innovation; environmental policy; innovation; innovation; policy coordination; politique environnementale; technologie; technology; éco-innovation;

    JEL classification:

    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • Q55 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Technological Innovation
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy
    • R48 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Government Pricing and Policy

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