IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Climate Mitigation and Adaptation in Africa: Evidence from Patent Data

Listed author(s):
  • Ivan Haščič


  • Jérôme Silva


  • Nick Johnstone


This paper presents comparative data on innovation in selected climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies in the context of Africa. Such analysis informs policy aimed at encouraging international technology transfer and development of domestic innovation capacities. We present detailed analysis of the role of Africa in development of these technologies (invention), and then move on to examine Africa as a technology market (as reflected in patenting). In addition, we briefly touch upon the question of cross-border technology development (co-invention) in Africa. Despite Africa’s generally low volume of inventive activity in these fields in comparison with other countries, inventive activity is disproportionately directed towards mitigation and adaptation technologies. In addition, the rate of international co-invention for most mitigation and adaptation technologies is much higher in Africa than in the rest of the world. And finally, rates of protection of climate technologies at African intellectual property offices are high relative to other technologies. Nonetheless, it must be emphasized that a relatively small number of inventions are protected in Africa, providing evidence that IP is not a barrier to technology transfer and diffusion. Ce rapport livre des données comparatives sur l’innovation concernant certaines technologies d’atténuation du changement climatique et d’adaptation à ses effets dans le contexte de l’Afrique. L’analyse de ces données éclaire l’élaboration des politiques visant à encourager les transferts internationaux de technologies et le renforcement des capacités nationales d’innovation. Nous proposons une analyse détaillée du rôle de l’Afrique dans la mise au point de ces technologies (invention), avant d’étudier le marché technologique qu’elle représente (à l’aune des dépôts de brevets). Nous abordons en outre brièvement la question du développement de technologies au niveau international (co-invention) en Afrique. Si l’activité inventive des pays africains dans ces domaines est généralement faible par rapport à d’autres pays, les technologies d’atténuation et d’adaptation y tiennent toutefois une place primordiale. Qui plus est, la co-invention internationale concernant la plupart de ces technologies est bien plus fréquente en Afrique que dans le reste du monde. Enfin, les offices africains de la propriété intellectuelle délivrent davantage de brevets aux technologies climatiques qu’aux autres technologies. Soulignons cependant que les inventions protégées sont relativement peu nombreuses en Afrique, et que la propriété intellectuelle n’y dresse donc pas d’obstacle au transfert et à la diffusion des technologies

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Environment Working Papers with number 50.

in new window

Date of creation: 16 Nov 2012
Handle: RePEc:oec:envaaa:50-en
Contact details of provider: Postal:
2 rue Andre Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16

Phone: 33-(0)-1-45 24 82 00
Fax: 33-(0)-1-45 24 85 00
Web page:

More information through EDIRC

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:oec:envaaa:50-en. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ()

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.