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Making the most of Norwegian Schools


  • Romina Boarini



Traditionally, the Norwegian compulsory education system has focused strongly on the linked goals of equal opportunities to learn, comprehensive and inclusive education. While some of these objectives have been met successfully, a number of educational outcomes, notably measures of pupil performance at the end of compulsory schooling, are unsatisfactory. Given the significant resources devoted to education, Norway’s modest performance on certain measures suggests that resources are used inefficiently. There are many possible routes to improve efficiency. This paper focuses on teaching quality, school autonomy, accountability and the level and composition of spending. Consistent policy actions should be taken in these areas, taking into account the multi–level structure of governance of the Norwegian education system. Optimiser la performance des établissements scolaires norvégiens Le système de la scolarité obligatoire en Norvège met traditionnellement l’accent sur deux objectifs liés : l’égalité des chances face à la formation et l’absence de rupture et de sélection dans le parcours éducatif. La Norvège enregistre un certain nombre de succès sur ces deux fronts ; mais certains résultats comme la performance des élèves mesurée en fin de cycle obligatoire laissent à désirer. Compte tenu du volume important de ressources consacrées à l’éducation, la modestie des résultats obtenus par rapport à certaines mesures suggère une utilisation inefficiente des ressources. Plusieurs voies sont envisageables pour améliorer la situation. La présente étude s’intéresse à la qualité de l’enseignement, à l’autonomie des établissements, à la transparence, ainsi qu’au niveau et à la composition des dépenses. Dans tous ces domaines, des mesures publiques cohérentes s’imposent, surtout si l’on prend en compte les niveaux multiples de gouvernance au sein du système éducatif norvégien.

Suggested Citation

  • Romina Boarini, 2009. "Making the most of Norwegian Schools," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 661, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:661-en

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    Cited by:

    1. Wolff, Edward N. & Baumol, William J. & Saini, Anne Noyes, 2014. "A comparative analysis of education costs and outcomes: The United States vs. other OECD countries," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 1-21.

    More about this item


    cost-efficiency; données PISA; efficacité; gouvernance des écoles; Norvège; Norway; PISA data; school governance;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy

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