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Raising Economic Performance by Fostering Product Market Competition in Germany


  • Andrés Fuentes
  • Eckhard Wurzel
  • Andreas Reindl


Much scope remains to make regulation of product markets more conducive to competition ? notwithstanding progress in recent years ? with substantial benefits for consumer welfare, productivity and employment. While the general competition legislation and enforcement framework is mostly effective, measures need to be taken to reduce administrative burdens on entrepreneurship and reduce the involvement of the government in business sector activities, notably through accelerated privatisation. Policies favouring small enterprises need to be revised, with a view to fully exposing them to competition and avoiding disincentives for small firms to grow. Substantial regulatory challenges exist in specific sectors, notably in the energy and railway industries where non-discriminatory access of market entrants to networks needs to be improved. Environmental objectives in energy market regulation could be achieved at lower cost. In the telecommunications industry, competition in the local loop can be strengthened. Regulation of the liberal professions is among the most restrictive in the OECD. Entry barriers need to be eliminated in crafts. and restrictions on large-scale retailing development could be eased. This paper relates to the 2006 Economic Survey of Germany ( Améliorer la performance économique en stimulant la concurrence sur les marchés de produits en Allemagne En dépit des progrès accomplis ces dernières années, beaucoup reste à faire pour rendre la réglementation des marchés de produits plus propice à la concurrence, ce qui induira de substantiels avantages en termes de bien-être du consommateur, de productivité et d'emploi. Le droit commun de la concurrence et son cadre d'application sont dans l'ensemble efficaces, mais il faut alléger les charges administratives qui pèsent sur l'entrepreneuriat et réduire l'intervention de l'État dans les activités du secteur des entreprises, notamment par une privatisation accélérée. Il convient de réviser les dispositifs favorables aux petites entreprises, pour les exposer pleinement à la concurrence et éviter de les décourager de croître. De sérieux problèmes de réglementation persistent dans certains secteurs, notamment l'énergie et les chemins de fer, où l'accès non discriminatoire des entrants aux réseaux demande à être amélioré. Les objectifs environnementaux de la réglementation des marchés de l'énergie pourraient être réalisés à moindre coût. Dans l'industrie des télécommunications, la concurrence sur la boucle locale peut être renforcée. La réglementation des professions libérales est parmi les plus restrictives de la zone OCDE. Dans le secteur de l'artisanat, les obstacles à l'entrée doivent être supprimés, et il convient d'assouplir les restrictions qui limitent le développement des magasins de grande surface. Ce Document de travail se rapporte à l’Étude économique de l’OCDE de l’Allemagne 2006 (

Suggested Citation

  • Andrés Fuentes & Eckhard Wurzel & Andreas Reindl, 2006. "Raising Economic Performance by Fostering Product Market Competition in Germany," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 507, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:507-en

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Alfonso Arpaia & Giuseppe Carone, 2004. "Do labour taxes (and their composition) affect wages in the short and in the long run?," Public Economics 0411004, EconWPA.
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    4. Francesco Daveri & Guido Tabellini, 2000. "Unemployment, growth and taxation in industrial countries," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 15(30), pages 47-104, April.
    5. Katrin Millock & Céline Nauges & Thomas Sterner, 2004. "Environmental Taxes: A Comparison of French and Swedish Experience from Taxes on Industrial Air Pollution," ifo DICE Report, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 2(1), pages 30-34, 04.
    6. Calmfors, L. & Nymoen, R., 1990. "Real Wage Adjustment And Employment Policies In The Nordic Countries," Papers 461, Stockholm - International Economic Studies.
    7. Laurent Flochel & Thierry Madies, 2002. "Interjurisdictional Tax Competition in a Federal System of Overlapping Revenue Maximizing Governments," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 9(2), pages 121-141, March.
    8. Alfonso Arpaia & Giuseppe Carone, 2004. "Do labour taxes (and their composition) affect wages in the short and the long run? - Alfonso Arpaia and Giuseppe Carone," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 216, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
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    More about this item


    Allemagne; competition; competition law; concurrence; droit de la concurrence; Germany; industrie de réseau; network industries; politique de réglementation; privatisation; privatisation; productivity and growth; productivité et croissance; regulatory policies;

    JEL classification:

    • K21 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - Antitrust Law
    • K23 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - Regulated Industries and Administrative Law
    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure
    • L40 - Industrial Organization - - Antitrust Issues and Policies - - - General
    • L43 - Industrial Organization - - Antitrust Issues and Policies - - - Legal Monopolies and Regulation or Deregulation
    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation
    • L53 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Enterprise Policy
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation

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