IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/oec/ecoaaa/469-en.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

The Labour Market in Korea: Enhancing Flexibility and Raising Participation

Author

Listed:
  • Randall S. Jones

Abstract

This paper analyses the increasing dualism in the Korean labour market and the need to encourage greater labour force participation. Although the rising proportion of non-regular workers lowers labour costs and increases employment flexibility, it has a negative impact on both equity and efficiency over the long term. Relaxing employment protection for regular workers and increasing the coverage of the social safety net for non-regular workers would help limit the extent of dualism. Population ageing is projected to be exceptionally rapid in Korea, leading to a significant decline in the workforce by mid-century. Steps to boost the participation of women through family-friendly policies are a priority. It is also important to encourage employees to stay at firms beyond the age of 50. Making the wage system more dependent on productivity and less on seniority and implementing a company pension system in place of the retirement allowance would help maintain the employment of older persons. This Working Paper relates to the 2005 OECD Economic Survey of Korea (www.oecd.org/eco/surveys/korea). Le marché du travail en Corée : Accroître la flexibilité et les taux d'activité On examinera dans ce papier le marché du travail coréen sous l’angle de son dualisme de plus en plus marqué et de l’augmentation nécessaire des taux d’activité. La proportion croissante de travailleurs non réguliers réduit les coûts de main-d’oeuvre et favorise la flexibilité de l’emploi, mais elle a un impact négatif à long terme sur le plan de l’équité et de l’efficience. On atténuerait le dualisme en assouplissant la protection de l’emploi des travailleurs réguliers et en élargissant la couverture sociale des travailleurs non réguliers. Le vieillissement de la population devant être extrêmement rapide en Corée, la population active diminuera très sensiblement jusqu’au milieu de ce siècle. Il est impérieux d’augmenter le taux d’activité des femmes grâce à des mesures favorables aux familles. Il importe également d’encourager la poursuite de l’activité des salariés au-delà de 50 ans. En faisant en sorte que le système salarial fasse davantage intervenir la productivité au lieu de l’ancienneté et en remplaçant l’indemnité de retraite par un régime de retraite au niveau de l’entreprise, on faciliterait la prolongation de l’activité des personnes âgées. Ce Document de travail se rapporte à l'Étude économique de l'OCDE de la Corée, 2005 (www.oecd.org/eco/etudes/coree).

Suggested Citation

  • Randall S. Jones, 2005. "The Labour Market in Korea: Enhancing Flexibility and Raising Participation," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 469, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:469-en
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/548701741108
    Download Restriction: no

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Jang, Soong-Nang & Cho, Sung-il & Kawachi, Ichiro, 2010. "Is socioeconomic disparity in disability improving among Korean elders?," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 71(2), pages 282-287, July.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    assurance chômage; Commission tripartite; corporate pensions; Corée; dualism; dualisme; emploi des femmes; employment protection; female employment; industrial relations; Korea; labour force participation rates; labour markets; marché du travail; non-regular workers; old workers; protection de l'emploi; relation du travail; régime de retraite au niveau de l'entreprise; subventions salariales; taux d'activité; travailleurs non réguliers; travailleurs âgés; Tripartite Commission; unemployment insurance; wage subsidies;

    JEL classification:

    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs
    • J5 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining
    • J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:469-en. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/edoecfr.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.