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Investing Efficiently in Education and Active Labour Market Policies in Slovakia

  • Caroline Klein
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    In Slovakia, educational outcomes are below the OECD average and are too dependent on the socioeconomic background of students. Unemployment is high and the school-to-job transition process does not work well. Spending on education and active labour market policies are very low by international standards. While reforms are under way in both areas, further efforts are needed to support the domestic drivers of growth. At a time of fiscal consolidation, these two policy areas should at the least be protected from budgetary cuts while every opportunity for efficiency gains should be seized. Not least because of the high level of long-term unemployment, more emphasis should be placed on activation policies, particularly on placement services, which are currently underfinanced but also insufficiently evaluated. Educational achievements and thus future labour market outcomes could be improved by re-allocating resources to teaching activities, in particular for disadvantaged pupils. Developing work-based vocational education would also facilitate the transition from school to work. This Working Paper relates to the 2012 OECD Economic Survey of the Slovak Republic (www.oecd.org/eco/surveys/slovakia2012). Investir efficacement dans l´éducation et dans les politiques actives du marché du travail en Slovaquie En Slovaquie, les résultats scolaires sont inférieurs à la moyenne de l'OCDE et sont trop tributaires de l’origine socio-économique des élèves. Le taux de chômage est élevé et le processus de transition de l'école à la vie active ne fonctionne pas bien. Les dépenses d'éducation et de politiques actives du marché du travail sont très faibles par rapport aux normes internationales. Alors que des réformes sont en cours dans ces deux domaines, des efforts supplémentaires sont nécessaires pour soutenir les facteurs domestiques de croissance. Au moment de la consolidation budgétaire, ces deux domaines doivent au moins être protégés contre les coupes budgétaires alors que toutes les possibilités de gains d'efficacité doivent être saisies. Notamment en raison du niveau élevé de chômage de longue durée, l'accent devrait être mis sur les politiques d'activation, en particulier sur les services de placement, qui sont actuellement sous-financées, mais aussi insuffisamment évaluées. Les résultats scolaires et donc les futures performances sur le marché du travail pourraient être améliorés par la réaffectation des ressources aux activités d'enseignement, en particulier pour les élèves défavorisés. Le développement de la formation en milieu professionnel devrait également faciliter la transition de l'école à la vie active. Ce Document de travail se rapporte à l'Étude économique de l'OCDE de la République slovaque 2012 (www.oecd.org/eco/etudes/slovaquie2012).

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    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 1017.

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    Date of creation: 29 Jan 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:1017-en
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