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Ascendance by Descendants?: On Intergenerational Education Mobility in Latin America

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  • Christian Daude

    (OECD)

Abstract

This paper studies intergenerational social mobility in Latin America. We show that persistence in educational achievements across generations is high compared to other parts of the world. That is, not only is the income distribution in Latin America highly unequal, but profound differences in opportunities persist from one generation to the next. This persistence arises from a combination of factors: high returns to education, relatively low progressivity in public investment in human capital and lack of access to proper financing for poor and middle-income families. Education and other social policies to boost upward mobility in the region are discussed. Cet article porte sur la mobilité sociale intergénérationnelle en Amérique latine. L’auteur montre que la persistance des résultats scolaires d’une génération à l’autre est grande dans cette région par rapport à d’autres parties du monde. Il ressort que, non seulement la distribution des revenus est très inégale en Amérique latine, mais que de profondes différences en termes d’opportunités persistent d’une génération à l’autre. Cette persistance provident d’une combinaison de facteurs: un rendement élevé de l’éducation, le caractère relativement peu progressif des investissements publics de capital humain et le manque d’accès au financement pour les familles défavorisées ou de la classe moyenne. L’article analyse l’éducation et d’autres politiques sociales susceptibles de promouvoir la mobilité ascendante dans la région.

Suggested Citation

  • Christian Daude, 2011. "Ascendance by Descendants?: On Intergenerational Education Mobility in Latin America," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 297, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:297-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kggdtfpvhr7-en
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    Cited by:

    1. Mehtabul Azam & Vipul Bhatt, 2015. "Like Father, Like Son? Intergenerational Educational Mobility in India," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 52(6), pages 1929-1959, December.
    2. Guido Neidhöfer, 2016. "Intergenerational Mobility and the Rise and Fall of Inequality: Lessons from Latin America," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0196, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    3. Emran, M. Shahe & Sun, Yan, 2014. "Are the Children of Uneducated Farmers Doubly Doomed? Farm, Nonfarm and Intergenerational Educational Mobility in Rural China," MPRA Paper 59230, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Christian Daude & Virginia Robano, 2015. "On intergenerational (im)mobility in Latin America," Latin American Economic Review, Springer;Centro de Investigaciòn y Docencia Económica (CIDE), vol. 24(1), pages 1-29, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Amérique latine; education; intergenerational education mobility; Latin America; mobilité intergénérationnelle; éducation;

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion

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