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Empirical Specifications for a General Equilibrium Analysis of Labor Market Policies and Adjustments

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  • Andréa Maechler
  • David Roland-Holst

Abstract

Economic globalization is increasingly challenging traditional, closedeconomy intuition about linkages between demand, supply, and employment. In some parts of the world, substantial employment growth is arising from external demand while, in other areas, there is growing concern that domestic demand is being diverted to external sources of supply and employment. To better understand and predict how employment patterns will evolve with expanding international trade, the best of labor market theory must be brought into an empirical general equilibrium framework which can capture these complex interactions. The purpose of the present study is to review the innovative recent literature on labor markets and distill essential elements which can be implemented in a practical manner. The result is a taxonomy of new labor market theories and an agenda for new empirical research on wage and employment adjustment ... L'analyse économique orthodoxe des interactions entre l'offre, la demande et l'emploi, fondée sur des économies fermées, devient obsolète à mesure que progresse la globalisation. La croissance considérable de l'emploi observée dans certaines régions du monde est tirée par la demande extérieure ; mais dans d'autres régions, la satisfaction de la demande par l'importation est perçue comme une menace pour l'emploi. Afin de mieux comprendre, et si possible d'anticiper, les changements structurels du marché du travail induits par le commerce international, il convient d'introduire les principaux acquis de la théorie du marché du travail dans un modèle empirique d'équilibre général qui permettrait de circonscrire ces interactions particulièrement complexes. Cette étude vise à faire le point des travaux récents les plus novateurs portant sur le marché du travail, puis d'en extraire les apports les plus intéressants pour les exprimer en formules économétriques faciles à utiliser. Cette ...

Suggested Citation

  • Andréa Maechler & David Roland-Holst, 1995. "Empirical Specifications for a General Equilibrium Analysis of Labor Market Policies and Adjustments," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 106, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:106-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/423486674460
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Hall, Robert E, 1978. "Stochastic Implications of the Life Cycle-Permanent Income Hypothesis: Theory and Evidence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(6), pages 971-987, December.
    2. W. Max Corden, 1988. "Debt Relief and Adjustment Incentives," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 35(4), pages 628-643, December.
    3. Jeffrey D. Sachs, 1989. "Developing Country Debt and Economic Performance. The International Financial System," NBER Chapters,in: Developing Country Debt and Economic Performance, Volume 1: The International Financial System, pages -12 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Alain Ize & Guillermo Ortiz, 1987. "Fiscal Rigidities, Public Debt, and Capital Flight," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 34(2), pages 311-332, June.
    5. Jeffrey D. Sachs, 1989. "Introduction to "Developing Country Debt and the World Economy"," NBER Chapters,in: Developing Country Debt and the World Economy, pages 1-34 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Jeffrey D. Sachs, 1989. "Developing Country Debt and the World Economy," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number sach89-3.
    7. Philippe Callier, 1989. "Debt Relief and Adjustment Incentives in a Financially Open Economy: Comment on Corden," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 36(2), pages 514-522, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Glauben, Thomas & Herzfeld, Thomas & Wang, Xiaobing, 2005. "Labor Market Participation of Chinese Agricultural Households," 2005 International Congress, August 23-27, 2005, Copenhagen, Denmark 24516, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    2. Wang, Xiaobing, 2007. "Labor market behavior of Chinese rural households during transition," Studies on the Agricultural and Food Sector in Transition Economies, Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO), volume 42, number 92321.
    3. Gibson, Bill, 2005. "The transition to a globalized economy: Poverty, human capital and the informal sector in a structuralist CGE model," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, pages 60-94.
    4. Glauben, Thomas & Herzfeld, Thomas & Wang, Xiaobing, 2008. "Labor market participation of Chinese agricultural households: Empirical evidence from Zhejiang province," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 329-340, August.
    5. AGENOR Pierre-Richard & IZQUIERDO Alejandro & FOFACK Hippolyte, "undated". "IMMPA: A Quantitative Macroeconomic Framework for the Analysis of Poverty Reduction Strategies," EcoMod2003 330700003, EcoMod.
    6. Sabine Mage-Bertomeu, 2006. "Les modèles d'équilibre général appliqués à la politique commerciale : développements récents," Revue d'économie politique, Dalloz, vol. 116(3), pages 357-381.

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