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Competitive Targeted Advertising with Price Discrimination

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This paper investigates the effects of price discrimination by means of targeted advertising in a duopolistic market where the distribution of consumers' preferences is discrete and where advertising plays two major roles. It is used by firms as a way to transmit relevant information to otherwise uninformed consumers, and it is used as a price discrimination device. We compare the firms' optimal marketing mix (advertising and pricing) when they adopt mass advertising/non-discrimination strategies and targeted advertising/price discrimination strategies. If firms are able to adopt targeted advertising strategies, we find that the symmetric price equilibrium is in mixed strategies, while the advertising is chosen deterministically. Our results also unveil that as long as we allow for imperfect substitutability between the goods, ?rms do not necessarily target more ads to their own market. In particular, firms' optimal marketing mix leads to higher advertising reach in the rival's market than in the firms' own market, provided that advertising costs are sufficiently low in relation to the consumer's reservation value. The comparison of the optimal marketing-mix under mass advertising strategies and targeted advertising strategies reveals that targeted advertising might constitute a tool to dampen price competition. In particular, if advertising costs are sufficiently low in relation to the value of the goods, we obtain that average prices with non-discrimination (mass advertising) are below those with price discrimination and targeted advertising (regardless of the market segment). Accordingly, when (i) goods are imperfect substitutes, (ii) advertising is not too expensive, and (iii) targeted advertising constitutes an effective price discrimination tool, price discrimination through targeted advertising may be detrimental to social welfare since it boosts industry profits at the expense of consumer surplus.

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  • Rosa Branca Esteves & Joana Resende, 2011. "Competitive Targeted Advertising with Price Discrimination," NIPE Working Papers 08/2011, NIPE - Universidade do Minho.
  • Handle: RePEc:nip:nipewp:08/2011
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    Cited by:

    1. Anderson, Simon P & Baik, Alicia & Larson, Nathan, 2019. "Price Discrimination in the Information Age: Prices, Poaching, and Privacy with Personalized Targeted Discounts," CEPR Discussion Papers 13793, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Zhijun Chen & Chongwoo Choe & Noriaki Matsushima, 2020. "Competitive Personalized Pricing," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 66(9), pages 4003-4023, September.
    3. Wang, Wei & Li, Gang & Fung, Richard Y.K. & Cheng, T.C.E., 2019. "Mobile Advertising and Traffic Conversion: The Effects of Front Traffic and Spatial Competition," Journal of Interactive Marketing, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 84-101.
    4. Rosa Brana Esteves & Joana Resende, 2017. "Personalized Pricing with Targeted Advertising: Who are the Winners?," NIPE Working Papers 02/2017, NIPE - Universidade do Minho.
    5. Karle, Heiko, 2019. "Excessive Targeting," VfS Annual Conference 2019 (Leipzig): 30 Years after the Fall of the Berlin Wall - Democracy and Market Economy 203626, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    6. Chongwoo Choe & Stephen King & Noriaki Matsushima, 2018. "Pricing with Cookies: Behavior-Based Price Discrimination and Spatial Competition," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 64(12), pages 5669-5687, December.
    7. Gökgür, Burak & Karabatı, Selçuk, 2019. "Dynamic and targeted bundle pricing of two independently valued products," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 279(1), pages 184-198.
    8. Michael Arnold & Eric Schmidbauer & Lan Zhang, 2022. "Uniform and targeted informative advertising with asymmetric customer loyalty," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 31(1), pages 90-114, February.
    9. Michael D. Wittman & Peter P. Belobaba, 2017. "Personalization in airline revenue management – Heuristics for real-time adjustment of availability and fares," Journal of Revenue and Pricing Management, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 16(4), pages 376-396, August.
    10. Weimin Ma & Rong Cheng & Hua Ke, 2018. "Impacts of Power Structure on Supply Chain with a Store Brand," Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research (APJOR), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 35(04), pages 1-25, August.
    11. Garcia Pires Armando J., 2020. "Content Provision in the Media Market with Single-Homing and Multi-Homing Consumers," Review of Network Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 19(1), pages 43-83, March.
    12. Esteves, Rosa-Branca & Resende, Joana, 2019. "Personalized pricing and advertising: Who are the winners?," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 239-282.
    13. Karle, Heiko & Peitz, Martin, 2017. "De-targeting: Advertising an assortment of products to loss-averse consumers," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 103-124.
    14. Lynne Pepall & Dan Richards, 2018. "Targeted Branding, Price Competition and Consumer Data," Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University 0824, Department of Economics, Tufts University.
    15. Lynne Pepall & Daniel Richards, 2021. "Targeted Value-Enhancing Advertising and Price Competition," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 59(3), pages 443-459, November.
    16. Rosa-Branca Esteves, 2021. "Can personalized pricing be a winning strategy in oligopolistic markets with heterogeneous demand customers? Yes, it can," NIPE Working Papers 08/2021, NIPE - Universidade do Minho.
    17. Zhao Jiang & Wu Dan & Liu Jie, 2020. "Distinct role of targeting precision of Internet-based targeted advertising in duopolistic e-business firms’ heterogeneous consumers market," Electronic Commerce Research, Springer, vol. 20(2), pages 453-474, June.
    18. Andreas Hefti & Shuo Liu, 2020. "Targeted information and limited attention," RAND Journal of Economics, RAND Corporation, vol. 51(2), pages 402-420, June.
    19. Andreas Hefti & Shuo Liu, 2016. "Targeted information and limited attention," ECON - Working Papers 230, Department of Economics - University of Zurich, revised Dec 2019.
    20. Zhang, Jianqiang & He, Xiuli, 2019. "Targeted advertising by asymmetric firms," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 136-150.

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