Inequality and higher education in Italy The distributive impact of fees and subsidies to academics
In this paper we evaluate in monetary terms the benefits from attending a post-secondary degree in an Italian university. We also propose a microsimulation model that takes into account the spatial distribution of scholarships, fees and other monetary and in-kind services related to the university sector. In this way, it is possible to obtain a good approximation of the real net benefit gained from attending a post-secondary Italian degree and to study its distributive impact on both the users and the whole Italian population. We will provide evidence that the benefits from public higher education have universalistic features. However, the tax-system that is applied by each university is slightly regressive whilst subsidies have a high potential in terms of redistribution, even though the allocated funds are not enough to create any significant effect. Given these results, a new tax-policy is proposed to overcome some of the problems of the present system.
|Date of creation:||Oct 2009|
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- Massimo Baldini & Daniele Pacifico, 2006. "Gli effetti distributivi dei trasferimenti in kind: il caso dei servizi educativi e sanitari," Center for the Analysis of Public Policies (CAPP) 0018, Universita di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Dipartimento di Economia "Marco Biagi".
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