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Two Apects of Fertility Behaviour in South Africa

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  • Gangadharan, L.
  • Pushkar, M.

Abstract

This paper examines the effects of individual, household and community characteristics on two aspects of fertility among South African women - the age at first conception and the number of pregnancies. We find that education has a significant effect in pushing back the age at first conception and in reducing the number of pregnancies. There is a thresh-hold level of education that must be attained before education starts delaying the age at first conception and the number of pregnancies for each woman. Women who are currently enrolled in school have lower number of pregnancies. Fertility cannot be examined in isolation of child mortality because child mortality can affect a woman's demand for birth by inducing her to replace her children who die. We therefore investigate the effect of child mortality on the number of pregnancies and find that while there is a replacement factor associated with fertility decisions the effect is not very strong when we make child mortality variables endogenous.

Suggested Citation

  • Gangadharan, L. & Pushkar, M., 1999. "Two Apects of Fertility Behaviour in South Africa," Department of Economics - Working Papers Series 683, The University of Melbourne.
  • Handle: RePEc:mlb:wpaper:683
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Lata Gangadharan & Pushkar Maitra, 2001. "The Effect of Education on the Timing of Marriage and First Birth in Pakistan," ASARC Working Papers 2001-04, The Australian National University, Australia South Asia Research Centre.
    2. Kazenin, Konstantin, 2017. "The Impact of Social Changes on Fertility in the Regions of the North Caucasus," Working Papers 061706, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
    3. Gangadharan, L. & Maitra, P., 2000. "The Effect of Education on the Timing of Marriage and First Conception in Pakistan," Department of Economics - Working Papers Series 742, The University of Melbourne.
    4. David SAHN & Christopher HANDY & Peter GLICK, 2012. "Schooling, Marriage, and Childbearing in Madagascar," Working Papers 201225, CERDI.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    FERTILITY ; EDUCATION ; AGE;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • C41 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Duration Analysis; Optimal Timing Strategies
    • C24 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Truncated and Censored Models; Switching Regression Models; Threshold Regression Models

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