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Dépenses publiques d'éducation et pauvreté au Burkina Faso: une approche en Équilibre Général Calculable

Author

Listed:
  • Lacina Balma
  • W. Francine Alida Ilboudo
  • Adama Attara
  • Roméo Kabore
  • Kassoum Zerbo
  • T. Samuel Kabore

Abstract

Un modèle d’équilibre général calculable multisectoriel est construit afin d’évaluer les répercussions directes et indirectes des politiques publiques en matière d’éducation sur le bien-être, la pauvreté et la distribution des revenus au Burkina Faso. Il spécifie une dotation en main-d’œuvre qualifiée et non qualifiée flexible pour chaque ménage. Le système d’éducation est scindé en deux : L’éducation de base et l’éducation supérieure. Le volume d’éducation supérieure est exogène alors que l’éducation de base est demandée par les ménages à des fins d’investissement et permet de « transformer » les travailleurs non qualifiés en travailleurs qualifiés. Les simulations indiquent qu’une augmentation uniforme de 40 % des subventions publiques en éducation de base, financée par une augmentation de l’impôt sur le revenu des ménages et de la taxe de vente, se traduirait non seulement par une augmentation du bien-être mais par une baisse de l’incidence de la pauvreté pour tous les ménages.

Suggested Citation

  • Lacina Balma & W. Francine Alida Ilboudo & Adama Attara & Roméo Kabore & Kassoum Zerbo & T. Samuel Kabore, 2011. "Dépenses publiques d'éducation et pauvreté au Burkina Faso: une approche en Équilibre Général Calculable," Working Papers MPIA 2011-04, PEP-MPIA.
  • Handle: RePEc:lvl:mpiacr:2011-04
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Modèle EGC; dépenses publiques d'éducation; pauvreté; Burkina Faso;

    JEL classification:

    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
    • H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa

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