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Persons with Disabilities (PWD) and Labor Force in Indonesia : A Preliminary Study


  • Alin Halimatussadiah


  • Maria Agriva
  • Chaikal Nuryakin

    () (LPEM, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Indonesia)


This study elaborates labor force characteristics of persons with disabilities (PWD) in Indonesia. Using Census 2010 and Susenas 2012, the data shows lower unemployment rate of PWD compared with persons without disabilities (PWOD). This finding seems to contradict the international evidence. We argue that discouraged workers are behind the low unemployment rate of PWD. The discouragement of PWD to enter the labor market may arise because of internal factor–the impairment itself–or external factor–disabling institutions. Low number of schools for PWD and low number of infrastructure to access educational facilities hamper PWD in reaching out to higher education and other life skills and capabilities. In labor market, formal sector still has the so-called ’mental block’ in incorporating PWD as their workers.

Suggested Citation

  • Alin Halimatussadiah & Maria Agriva & Chaikal Nuryakin, 2014. "Persons with Disabilities (PWD) and Labor Force in Indonesia : A Preliminary Study," LPEM FEBUI Working Papers 201403, LPEM, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Indonesia, revised Mar 2014.
  • Handle: RePEc:lpe:wpaper:201403

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    Cited by:

    1. Alin Halimatussadiah & Chaikal Nuryakin & Pyan A. Muchtar & Adriana Bella & Husnul Rizal, 2017. "Mapping Persons With Disabilities (PWDs) In Indonesia Labor Market," Economics and Finance in Indonesia, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Indonesia, vol. 63, pages 126-149, December.

    More about this item


    PWD — Labor Force — Unemployment — Education;

    JEL classification:

    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing


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