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Clusters and Innovation: Beijing's Hi-technology Industry Cluster and Guangzhou's Automobile Industry Cluster

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  • Kuchiki, Akifumi

Abstract

This paper proposes a flowchart approach to the automobile industry cluster policy and the hi-technology industry cluster policy to prioritize policy measures. First, in the automobile industry cluster, suppliers of parts and components to anchor firms such as Honda, Nissan and Toyota of Japanese assembly makers in Guangzhou, China, can innovate partly because the suppliers have become independent of their anchor firms in the Japanese Keiretsu system. Second, concerning the hi-technology industry clustering in Beijing, we show that the existence of universities is a precondition for the industrial cluster policy and that the leadership of the Zhongguancun Science Park Management Committee of Beijing Municipality is crucial to the success of the industrial cluster policy. The flowchart for the hi-technology industry is different from the one for the automobile industry cluster.

Suggested Citation

  • Kuchiki, Akifumi, 2007. "Clusters and Innovation: Beijing's Hi-technology Industry Cluster and Guangzhou's Automobile Industry Cluster," IDE Discussion Papers 89, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
  • Handle: RePEc:jet:dpaper:dpaper89
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    File URL: https://ir.ide.go.jp/?action=repository_action_common_download&item_id=38077&item_no=1&attribute_id=22&file_no=1
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Flowchart approach; Prioritization; Innovation; Guangzhou; Beijing; Universities; Local government; China; Industrial estate; Industrial policy; Research organization; Automobile industry; フローチャート・アプローチ; 優先順位付け; 革新; 広州; 北京; 大学; 地方政府; 中国; 工業地帯; 産業政策; 研究機関; 自動車産業;

    JEL classification:

    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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    1. Studies on the automobile industry

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