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The Duration of Immigrants' Unemployment Spells: Evidence from Sweden

Author

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  • Hansen, Jörgen

    () (Concordia University)

Abstract

Using a proportional hazard model with multiple exits, this paper analyzes whether immigrants’ unemployment spells differ from natives’, and if so, how the difference vary with time spent in Sweden and across immigrant cohorts. A unique data set taken from the Swedish unemployment registers is used. The data set covers the period 1991 to 1996, a period of substantial increases in both unemployment rates as well as in immigration. The estimates from the hazard model suggests that a substantial proportion of the observed difference in unemployment spells between natives and immigrants can be explained by differences in accumulated human capital and unemployment compensation. This is especially true regarding the difference between natives and refugees.

Suggested Citation

  • Hansen, Jörgen, 2000. "The Duration of Immigrants' Unemployment Spells: Evidence from Sweden," IZA Discussion Papers 155, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp155
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    Cited by:

    1. Carrasco, Raquel & García Pérez, J. Ignacio, 2008. "Unemployment duration among immigrants and natives: unobserved heterogeneity in a multi-spell duration model," UC3M Working papers. Economics we086933, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Economía.
    2. Mundra, Kusum & Rios-Avila, Fernando, 2016. "Immigrant Birthcountry Networks and Unemployment Duration: Evidence around the Great Recession," IZA Discussion Papers 10233, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Guy Lacroix & Marie Albertine Djuikom Tamtchouong, 2018. "Dynamic Causal Effects of Post-Migration Schooling on Labour Market Transitions," Cahiers de recherche 1802, Centre de recherche sur les risques, les enjeux économiques, et les politiques publiques.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Competing risks model; proportional hazard; immigrant assimilation; unemployment duration; unobserved heterogeneity;

    JEL classification:

    • C41 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Duration Analysis; Optimal Timing Strategies
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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