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Captive Supplies and Cash Market Prices for Fed Cattle: The Role of Delivery Timing Incentives


  • Schroeter, John R.
  • Azzam, Azzeddine M.


The use of non-cash methods of procuring fed cattle for slaughter has led to concern about the effect of these so-called "captive" supplies on cash market prices. Some empirical evidence suggests that there is a negative short-run relationship between the two: Cash market prices tend to be low in weeks in which captive supply shipments are high. We advance a different perspective on the relationship between captive deliveries and cash prices, arguing that the incentives that influence cattle delivery-scheduling decisions could lead to a negative relationship, not between the contemporaneous levels of captive shipments and price, but between the volume of captive deliveries, on the one hand, and an ex ante expectation of a week-to-week price change, on the other. Econometric testing provides some evidence of this empriical regularity in the cattle procurement activities of four large packing plants in Texas in the mid-90s.

Suggested Citation

  • Schroeter, John R. & Azzam, Azzeddine M., 2004. "Captive Supplies and Cash Market Prices for Fed Cattle: The Role of Delivery Timing Incentives," Staff General Research Papers Archive 11159, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:isu:genres:11159

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Severin Boreinstein & Andrea Shepard, 1996. "Dynamic Pricing in Retail Gasoline Markets," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 27(3), pages 429-451, Autumn.
    2. Stephen R. Koontz, 1999. "Marketing Agreement Impacts in an Experimental Market for Fed Cattle," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 81(2), pages 347-358.
    3. Azzeddine Azzam, 1998. "Captive Supplies, Market Conduct, and the Open-Market Price," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 80(1), pages 76-83.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ward, Clement E., 2005. "Supply Effects on Price Discovery and Pricing Choice for Fed Cattle," 2005 Conference, April 18-19, 2005, St. Louis, Missouri 19034, NCR-134 Conference on Applied Commodity Price Analysis, Forecasting, and Market Risk Management.
    2. John M. Crespi & Richard J. Sexton, 2004. "Bidding for Cattle in the Texas Panhandle," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 86(3), pages 660-674.
    3. Ji, In Bae & Chung, Chanjin, 2012. "Causality Between Captive Supplies and Cash Market Prices in the U.S. Cattle Procurement Market," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, vol. 41(3), pages 1-11, December.
    4. Ji, Inbae & Chung, Chanjin, 2016. "Assessment Of Market Power And Cost Efficiency Effects In The U.S. Beef Packing Industry," Journal of Rural Development/Nongchon-Gyeongje, Korea Rural Economic Institute, vol. 39(Special, ), pages 1-24, December.
    5. Anderson, John D. & Hudson, Darren & Harri, Ardian & Turner, Steven C., 2007. "A New Taxonomy of Thin Markets," 2007 Annual Meeting, February 4-7, 2007, Mobile, Alabama 34826, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    6. Tian Xia & John M. Crespi & Kevin C. Dhuyvetter, 2019. "Could packers manipulate spot markets by tying contracts to futures prices? And do they?," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 67(1), pages 85-102, March.
    7. Lee, Yoonsuk & Ward, Clement E. & Brorsen, B. Wade, 2010. "Relationships among Prices across Alternative Marketing Arrangements for Fed Cattle and Hogs," 2010 Annual Meeting, February 6-9, 2010, Orlando, Florida 56282, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    8. Stephen R. Koontz & John D. Lawrence, 2010. "Impacts of alternative marketing agreement cattle procurement on packer costs, gross margins, and profits: evidence from plant-level profit and loss data," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 26(1), pages 1-24.

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