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Distribuição de Renda no Brasil de 1976 a 2004 com Ênfase no Período Entre 2001 e 2004

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  • Sergei Suarez Dillon Soares

Abstract

This text was written with two objectives: the first is to document the evolution ofinequality during the last three decades and the second is to decompose the notablefall in inequality in the last three years.The text shows that 2004 was the year with lowest inequality in the thirty yearsbetween 1976 and 2004. This result holds true for inequality according to Theil T,Gini, the 10/40 ratio and the 20/20 ratio. In addition, 2004 presents Lorenz dominanceover all years except 1984 and 1981. Due to the exchange rate debacle of1999, 2004 does not show first order dominance over any year in the period from1995 to 2004, during which level comparisons are trustworthy. For this same period,2004 shows second order dominance over 2003 and no other year.To achieve the second objective, the methodology used is Gini decompositionby factor shares. The results are that income transfer programs such as Bolsa Famíliaare responsible for close to ¼ of the fall of inequality from 1995 to 2004. The other¾ are due to a reduction in the concentration of labor income.

Suggested Citation

  • Sergei Suarez Dillon Soares, 2006. "Distribuição de Renda no Brasil de 1976 a 2004 com Ênfase no Período Entre 2001 e 2004," Discussion Papers 1166, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1166
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    1. repec:unu:wpaper:wp2012-14 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Raul da Mota Silveira-Neto & Carlos Roberto Azzoni, 2012. "Social Programs, Industrial Deconcentration and the Recent Decrease in Regional Income Inequality in Brazil," Chapters, in: Werner Baer (ed.), The Regional Impact of National Policies, chapter 4, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    3. Pedro Herculano Guimarães Ferreira de Souza & Marcelo Medeiros, 2017. "The concentration of income at the top in Brazil, 2006-2014," Working Papers 163, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
    4. Fabio, Bertranou & Roxana, Maurizio, 2011. "The role of labour market and social protection in reducing inequality and eradicating poverty in Latin America," MPRA Paper 39843, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Raul Silveira Neto & Carlos Azzoni, 2011. "Non-Spatial Government Policies and Regional Income Inequality in Brazil," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(4), pages 453-461.
    6. Achão, Carla & Schaeffer, Roberto, 2009. "Decomposition analysis of the variations in residential electricity consumption in Brazil for the 1980-2007 period: Measuring the activity, intensity and structure effects," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 5208-5220, December.
    7. Luis, Beccaria & Roxana, Maurizio & Vazquez, Gustavo, 2014. "Recent changes in wage inequality in Argentina. The role of labor formalization and other factors," MPRA Paper 56701, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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