IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Distribuição de Renda no Brasil de 1976 a 2004 com Ênfase no Período Entre 2001 e 2004


  • Sergei Suarez Dillon Soares


This text was written with two objectives: the first is to document the evolution ofinequality during the last three decades and the second is to decompose the notablefall in inequality in the last three years.The text shows that 2004 was the year with lowest inequality in the thirty yearsbetween 1976 and 2004. This result holds true for inequality according to Theil T,Gini, the 10/40 ratio and the 20/20 ratio. In addition, 2004 presents Lorenz dominanceover all years except 1984 and 1981. Due to the exchange rate debacle of1999, 2004 does not show first order dominance over any year in the period from1995 to 2004, during which level comparisons are trustworthy. For this same period,2004 shows second order dominance over 2003 and no other year.To achieve the second objective, the methodology used is Gini decompositionby factor shares. The results are that income transfer programs such as Bolsa Famíliaare responsible for close to ¼ of the fall of inequality from 1995 to 2004. The other¾ are due to a reduction in the concentration of labor income.

Suggested Citation

  • Sergei Suarez Dillon Soares, 2006. "Distribuição de Renda no Brasil de 1976 a 2004 com Ênfase no Período Entre 2001 e 2004," Discussion Papers 1166, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1166

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. repec:unu:wpaper:wp2012-14 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Raul da Mota Silveira-Neto & Carlos Roberto Azzoni, 2012. "Social Programs, Industrial Deconcentration and the Recent Decrease in Regional Income Inequality in Brazil," Chapters, in: Werner Baer (ed.), The Regional Impact of National Policies, chapter 4, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    3. Pedro Herculano Guimarães Ferreira de Souza & Marcelo Medeiros, 2017. "The concentration of income at the top in Brazil, 2006-2014," Working Papers 163, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
    4. Fabio, Bertranou & Roxana, Maurizio, 2011. "The role of labour market and social protection in reducing inequality and eradicating poverty in Latin America," MPRA Paper 39843, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Raul Silveira Neto & Carlos Azzoni, 2011. "Non-Spatial Government Policies and Regional Income Inequality in Brazil," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(4), pages 453-461.
    6. Achão, Carla & Schaeffer, Roberto, 2009. "Decomposition analysis of the variations in residential electricity consumption in Brazil for the 1980-2007 period: Measuring the activity, intensity and structure effects," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 5208-5220, December.
    7. Luis, Beccaria & Roxana, Maurizio & Vazquez, Gustavo, 2014. "Recent changes in wage inequality in Argentina. The role of labor formalization and other factors," MPRA Paper 56701, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1166. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Fabio Schiavinatto). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.