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NREGS and child well being


  • S. Mahendra Dev

    () (Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research)


There have been many evaluation studies on the impact of NREGS but there are hardly any systematic studies relating to impact of the scheme on children. This paper tries to fill this gap. There is a huge literature on awareness, implementation problems, impact on the livelihoods, women, migration, agricultural wages, marginalized sections etc. This paper makes use of some of the in-depth studies on various States of India. We have also undertaken a limited focus group discussion in Rajasthan on the implementation and impact of the scheme on women and children. Specifically, the paper addresses the following issues: (a) The pathways in which NREGS affect households and in particular that lead to better outcomes for children (b) Impact on children in terms of changes in child labour patterns - by reducing child labour as a coping strategy of poor households or by - inadvertently - encouraging child labour (c) Changes in expenditure patterns of families based on additional income earned, leading towards greater expenditures on girl and boy children including education, health and nutrition. (d) Impact on women's well-being, empowerment and intra-household decisions (e) Availability of child care facilities at worksites, and coverage of 0-6 age group by these crŠche facilities.

Suggested Citation

  • S. Mahendra Dev, 2011. "NREGS and child well being," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2011-004, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
  • Handle: RePEc:ind:igiwpp:2011-004

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. La Manna, Manfredi & Macleod, Ross & de Meza, David, 1989. "The case for permissive patents," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(7), pages 1427-1443, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Songqing Jin & Yanyan Liu, 2013. "Welfare and Poverty Impacts of India’s National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme: Evidence from Andhra Pradesh," Working Papers id:5530, eSocialSciences.

    More about this item


    NREGA; women's empowerment; child labour; livelihoods; nutrition; migration;

    JEL classification:

    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • J78 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Public Policy (including comparable worth)


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