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El efecto de las transferencias condicionadas sobre el desempeño de los planteles educativos y el trabajo infantil: pruebas de una evaluación de impacto ex post en Costa Rica

  • Suzanne Duryea
  • Andrew Morrison

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) Los programas de transferencias condicionadas se están convirtiendo en un medio común para influir en las decisiones de los hogares. A la fecha, las pruebas parecen indicar que esos programas sirven para promover ciertos resultados, tales como la asistencia a clases, pero que hay otros resultados, tales como la disminución del trabajo infantil, que son más difíciles de lograr. En este estudio se analizan los efectos de Superémonos, un programa de transferencias condicionadas de Costa Rica que hace llegar a las familias pobres un subsidio para la compra de alimentos, a condición de que los niños asistan a clases con regularidad. Analizamos los efectos del programa sobre la asistencia a clases, el desempeño académico y el trabajo infantil, empleando tres técnicas empíricas distintas: la comparación simple de resultados medios, el análisis de regresión y la correspondencia de puntajes de propensión. Hallamos elementos que indican fuertemente que el programa consigue su objetivo de mejorar la asistencia a clases, y pruebas mucho más débiles en cuanto al desempeño académico. El programa no reduce la probabilidad de que los jóvenes trabajen. Estos hallazgos se tratan en el contexto de los resultados de las evaluaciones de los efectos de otros programas de transferencias condicionadas.

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Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4360.

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Date of creation: Feb 2004
Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4360
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  1. World Bank, 2000. "Nicaragua : Ex-Post Impact Evaluation of the Emergency Social Investment Fund," World Bank Other Operational Studies 14956, The World Bank.
  2. Donald M. Pianto & Sergei Soares, 2004. "Use Of Survey Design For The Evaluation Of Social Programs: The Pnad And Peti," Anais do XXXII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 32th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 133, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
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