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Ability, Schooling Choices and Gender Labor Market Discrimination: Evidence for Chile

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  • David Bravo
  • Claudia Sanhueza
  • Sergio Urzua

Abstract

This paper analyzes gender differences in the Chilean labor market, formally addressing the selection of individuals into schooling levels and its impact on gender gaps. The paper utilizes a new and rich data set containing information on labor market outcomes, schooling attainment and schooling performance, as well as variables characterizing individuals’ family background. Although the results show statistically significant gender differences in several dimensions of the Chilean labor market, these gaps depend largely on individuals’ level of schooling. Nonetheless, these findings should not be taken as decisive evidence of discrimination in the Chilean labor market, as future research based on better information might explain some of the unexplained labor market gaps.

Suggested Citation

  • David Bravo & Claudia Sanhueza & Sergio Urzua, 2008. "Ability, Schooling Choices and Gender Labor Market Discrimination: Evidence for Chile," Research Department Publications 3258, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:3258
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Flavio Cunha & James Heckman & Salvador Navarro, 2005. "Separating uncertainty from heterogeneity in life cycle earnings," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 57(2), pages 191-261, April.
    2. James J. Heckman & Jora Stixrud & Sergio Urzua, 2006. "The Effects of Cognitive and Noncognitive Abilities on Labor Market Outcomes and Social Behavior," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 24(3), pages 411-482, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Pablo Lavado & Gustavo Yamada, 2013. "Fear of Labor Rigidities – The Role of Expectations in Employment Growth in Peru," Working Papers 13-16, Centro de Investigación, Universidad del Pacífico.
    2. Pablo Lavado & Luciana Velarde & Gustavo Yamada, 2014. "Cognitive and Socioemotional Skills and Wages: The role of latent abilities on the gender wage gap in Peru," Working Papers 2014-16, Peruvian Economic Association.
    3. Yamada, Gustavo & Lavado, Pablo & Velarde, Luciana, 2013. "Habilidades No Cognitivas y Brecha de Género Salarial en el Perú," Working Papers 2013-014, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
    4. Bueno, Ivonne & Perticará, Marcela, 2009. "A new approach to gender wage gaps in Chile," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), December.
    5. Tomás Rau & Eugenio Rojas & Sergio Urzúa, 2013. "Loans for Higher Education: Does the Dream Come True?," NBER Working Papers 19138, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Nicola Brandt, 2012. "Reducing Poverty in Chile: Cash Transfers and Better Jobs," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 951, OECD Publishing.

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