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Credit risk in pure jump structural models

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  • Filippo Fiorani
  • Elisa Luciano

Abstract

Structural models of credit risk are known to present vanishing spreads at very short maturities. This shortcoming, which is due to the diffusive behavior assumed for asset values, can be circumvented by considering discontinuities of the jump type in their evolution over time. In particular, assuming a pure jump process. Moreover, when applied to market data diffusion-based structural models tend to produce too low spreads, even over longer horizons. In this paper we show that a jump process of the Variance-Gamma type for the asset value can also circumvent this practical shortcoming. We calibrate a terminal-default jump structural model to single-name data for the CDX NA IG and CDX NA HY components. We show that the VG model provides not only smaller errors, but also a better qualitative fit than other diffusive structural models. Indeed, it avoids both the spread underprediction of the classical Merton model and the excessive overpredictions of other well known diffusive models, as recently explored by Eom, Helwege, Huang (2004) or Demchuk and Gibson (2005).

Suggested Citation

  • Filippo Fiorani & Elisa Luciano, 2006. "Credit risk in pure jump structural models," ICER Working Papers - Applied Mathematics Series 6-2006, ICER - International Centre for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:icr:wpmath:6-2006
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    File URL: http://www.bemservizi.unito.it/repec/icr/wp2006/ICERwp6-06.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jones, E Philip & Mason, Scott P & Rosenfeld, Eric, 1984. "Contingent Claims Analysis of Corporate Capital Structures: An Empirical Investigation," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 39(3), pages 611-625, July.
    2. Francis A. Longstaff & Sanjay Mithal & Eric Neis, 2005. "Corporate Yield Spreads: Default Risk or Liquidity? New Evidence from the Credit Default Swap Market," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 60(5), pages 2213-2253, October.
    3. Leland, Hayne E & Toft, Klaus Bjerre, 1996. "Optimal Capital Structure, Endogenous Bankruptcy, and the Term Structure of Credit Spreads," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 51(3), pages 987-1019, July.
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    6. Fiorani, Filo, 2004. "Option Pricing Under the Variance Gamma Process," MPRA Paper 15395, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Bianca Hilberink & L.C.G. Rogers, 2002. "Optimal capital structure and endogenous default," Finance and Stochastics, Springer, vol. 6(2), pages 237-263.
    8. Young Ho Eom, 2004. "Structural Models of Corporate Bond Pricing: An Empirical Analysis," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 17(2), pages 499-544.
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    Cited by:

    1. Vladimir K. Kaishev & Dimitrina S. Dimitrova, 2009. "Dirichlet Bridge Sampling for the Variance Gamma Process: Pricing Path-Dependent Options," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 55(3), pages 483-496, March.
    2. Gian P. Cervellera & Marco P. Tucci, 2017. "A note on the Estimation of a Gamma-Variance Process: Learning from a Failure," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 49(3), pages 363-385, March.
    3. Elisa Luciano, 2007. "Copula-Based Default Dependence Modelling: Where Do We Stand?," ICER Working Papers - Applied Mathematics Series 21-2007, ICER - International Centre for Economic Research.

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