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Renminbi as an International Currency: Potential and Policy Considerations


  • Hongyi Chen

    (Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research)

  • Wensheng Peng

    (Barclays Capital)

  • Chang Shu

    (Hong Kong Monetary Authority)


The potential of the renminbi as an international currency is underpinned by the large and fast growing Chinese economy. We present empirical evidence indicating that the renminbi has already become a significant force impacting the exchange rates of the Asian currencies. We also estimate a reserve currency model and counterfactual simulations, and suggest that the renminbi's potential as a reserve currency would be comparable to that of the Japanese yen and the British pound if the Chinese currency were to become a fully convertible currency today. The evolution of the international role of the remninbi will depend importantly on the pace of the liberalisation of the restrictions on currency convertibility, which is likely to be governed by the authorities' consideration of the associated benefits and costs. In particular, we see a two-way reinforcement of currency internationalisation and financial market developments and opening in China.

Suggested Citation

  • Hongyi Chen & Wensheng Peng & Chang Shu, 2009. "Renminbi as an International Currency: Potential and Policy Considerations," Working Papers 182009, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:hkm:wpaper:182009

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    Cited by:

    1. Edwin L.-C. Lai & Xiangrong Yu, 2015. "Invoicing Currency in International Trade: An Empirical Investigation and Some Implications for the Renminbi," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 38(1), pages 193-229, January.
    2. Dai, Meixing, 2011. "Motivations and strategies for a real revaluation of the Yuan," MPRA Paper 30440, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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