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Demographic Change, Intergenerational Altruism, and Fiscal Policy : A Political Economy Approach

Listed author(s):
  • Oguro, Kazumasa
  • Shimasawa, Manabu
  • Aoki, Reiko
  • Oshio, Takashi

Our study employs an OLG model under which political strengths of different generations (the working and retirees with and without children) determine the distribution of the fiscal burden between the generations, including the future generation. We investigate the relationship between the extent of intergenerational altruism, the political regime, and the intergenerational distribution of the fiscal burden. We show that if the working generation were to care more about the utility of the retirees (their parents), cooperation between the working and retirees with children would be possible, changing the political outcome. As a result, the tax burden of the working generation would decrease and its members would be better off. Lowering the voting age and having parents vote on behalf of their children would also result in the same shift, but for higher levels of intergenerational altruism and the working generation’s political

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Paper provided by Center for Intergenerational Studies, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University in its series PIE/CIS Discussion Paper with number 493.

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Length: 22 p.
Date of creation: Nov 2010
Handle: RePEc:hit:piecis:493
Note: We are grateful for helpful comments and discussion from Yasushi Ono, Keiichiro Kobayashi and the meeting participants at ESRI workshop on November 22, 2010.
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