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Does academic research affect the local growth pattern? Empirical evidence based on Swedish data

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  • Lundberg, Johan

    () (Department of Economics, Umeå University)

Abstract

The main issue in this paper is to analyze to what extend academic research at universities and university colleges have any effects on the regional growth pattern. In particular, we analyze the dynamic effects of research activities at universities and university colleges by including the number of dissertations at each university or university college in a Barro and Sala-i-Martin type (Barro and Sala-i-Martin (1992)) of empirical growth model. Moreover, we control for other potentially important determinants of local growth such as local income taxes, local labor market conditions and demographic factors. Based on a data set covering the Swedish municipalities during the period 1990-2007, our results suggests that academic research only have minor effects on the regional growth pattern. One potential explanation for this result is that even though academic research might have a positive effect on economic growth at the national level, the in many respects small municipalities in Sweden where the main part of the universities and university colleges are located do not have the resources in terms of infrastructure needed to fully benefit from academic research.

Suggested Citation

  • Lundberg, Johan, 2011. "Does academic research affect the local growth pattern? Empirical evidence based on Swedish data," Umeå Economic Studies 835, Umeå University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:umnees:0835
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    Cited by:

    1. John R. Madden, 2017. "University location and city development: the effects of Victoria University on the Western Melbourne economy," Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre Working Papers g-272, Victoria University, Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Net migration; income; convergence; academic research; human capital; spatial effects;

    JEL classification:

    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions
    • I25 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Economic Development
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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