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Money, Credit and Banking and the Cost of Financial Activity

Author

Listed:
  • Boel, Paola

    () (Research Department, Central Bank of Sweden)

  • Camera, Gabriele

    (Chapman University and University of Basel)

Abstract

We extend the study of banking equilibrium in Berentsen, Camera and Waller (2007) by introducing an explicit production function for banks. Banks employ labor resources, hired on a competitive market, to run their operations. In equilibrium this generates a spread between interest rates on loans and on deposits, which naturally reflects the efficiency of financial intermediation and underlying monetary policy. In this augmented model, equilibrium deposits yield zero return in a deflation or very low inflation. Hence, if monetary policy is sufficiently tight then banks end up reducing aggregate efficiency, soaking up labor resources while offering deposits that do not outperform idle balances.

Suggested Citation

  • Boel, Paola & Camera, Gabriele, 2016. "Money, Credit and Banking and the Cost of Financial Activity," Working Paper Series 331, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden).
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:rbnkwp:0331
    as

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    File URL: http://www.riksbank.se/Documents/Rapporter/Working_papers/2016/rap_wp331_161031.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Valerie R. Bencivenga & Gabriele Camera, 2011. "Banking in a Matching Model of Money and Capital," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 43(s2), pages 449-476, October.
    2. António Antunes & Tiago Cavalcanti & Anne Villamil, 2013. "Costly Intermediation And Consumption Smoothing," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 51(1), pages 459-472, January.
    3. Ricardo Lagos & Randall Wright, 2005. "A Unified Framework for Monetary Theory and Policy Analysis," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 113(3), pages 463-484, June.
    4. Robert E. Lucas, Jr., 2000. "Inflation and Welfare," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 68(2), pages 247-274, March.
    5. Barry Z. Cynamon & Donald H. Dutkowsky & Barry E. Jones, 2006. "Redefining the Monetary Agggregates: A Clean Sweep," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 32(4), pages 661-672, Fall.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    banks; frictions; matching;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C70 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - General
    • D40 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - General
    • E30 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General

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