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Regional Productivity and Accessibility to Knowledge and Dense Markets

Author

Listed:
  • Karlsson, Charlie

    () (CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology)

  • Pettersson, Lars

    () (Jönköping International Business School)

Abstract

Accessibility to knowledge and local service markets can be assumed to explain regional growth performance. The role of regional supply of services and educated labour with respect to regional development are stressed by many researchers. In this paper we make an empirical analysis using panel data for Swedish municipalities. The purpose is to analyse the relationship between regional productivity measures as gross regional product per square kilometre and accessibility to educated labour. We also acknowledge the extension of the regional economy in terms of functionality and access to population as a measure of accessibility to labour and to purchasing power. We estimate first a cross-section model by using OLS. Second we employ a panel data model, using time distance access to population and the share local labour force with longer higher education as explanatory variables. In the analysis we compare the results for Sweden from the different models with other studies in this field. We find that local externalities for increasing returns are very important in the Swedish economy. Our estimated models yields a high level of goodness of fit, and the results indicates that the elasticity for longer higher education and population density are around unity in the Swedish economy with respect to performance of regional gross domestic product per square kilometre

Suggested Citation

  • Karlsson, Charlie & Pettersson, Lars, 2005. "Regional Productivity and Accessibility to Knowledge and Dense Markets," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 32, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:cesisp:0032
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Charlie Karlsson & Börje Johansson & Roger R. Stough, 2012. "Introduction – Human Capital and Agglomeration," Chapters,in: The Regional Economics of Knowledge and Talent, chapter 1 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    2. Zbigniew Mogila, 2015. "Conceptual model of the concept of the territorial cohesion," Working Papers 1517, Instytut Rozwoju, Institute for Development.
    3. Zbigniew Mogila, 2015. "Conceptual model of the concept of the territorial cohesion," Working Papers 1510, Instytut Rozwoju, Institute for Development.
    4. Martin Andersson & Hans Lööf, 2011. "Agglomeration and productivity: evidence from firm-level data," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 46(3), pages 601-620, June.
    5. Benny Borgman & Pontus Braunerhjelm, 2010. "Entrepreneurship and Local Growth: A Comparison of the US and Sweden," Chapters,in: Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, chapter 4 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    6. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:5:p:676-:d:96676 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Ana Condeço-Melhorado & Aura Reggiani & Javier Gutiérrez (ed.), 2014. "Accessibility and Spatial Interaction," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 15267, April.
    8. Urban Gråsjö & Charlie Karlsson, 2014. "Accessibility: an underused analytical and empirical tool in spatial economics," Chapters,in: Accessibility and Spatial Interaction, chapter 11, pages 211-236 Edward Elgar Publishing.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Agglomeration; Productivity; Sweden; Spatial; Regional; accessibility;

    JEL classification:

    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
    • R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General

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