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Short-run and long-run relationships in the consumption of alcohol in the Scandinavian countries

Author

Listed:
  • Bentzen, Jan

    () (Department of Economics, Aarhus School of Business)

  • Smith, Valdemar

    () (Department of Economics, Aarhus School of Business)

Abstract

Traditionally, the Scandinavian countries have been characterized as spirits and beer consuming countries and a century ago the historical background was decades of relatively heavy drinking behaviour with spirit as the preferred beverage. Therefore, it might be expected that alcohol consumption – especially in the last part of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century – would behave in a counter-cyclical manner, i.e. heavy drinking during severe recessions characterized by harsh economic conditions. Using long-run time series data for alcohol consumption levels in the Scandinavian countries the question of a counter-cyclical or pro-cyclical behaviour is addressed – with the business cycle measured as the GDP – and the empirical findings are that generally, alcohol consumption behaves in a pro-cyclical manner in the short run, and with no long-run relationship concerning real income.

Suggested Citation

  • Bentzen, Jan & Smith, Valdemar, 2004. "Short-run and long-run relationships in the consumption of alcohol in the Scandinavian countries," Working Papers 04-14, University of Aarhus, Aarhus School of Business, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:aareco:2004_014
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    File URL: http://www.hha.dk/nat/wper/04-14_jbvs.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Bentzen, J. & Smith, V. & Nannerup, N., 1997. "Alcohol Consumption and Drunken Driving in the Scandinavian Countries," Papers 97-1, Aarhus School of Business - Department of Economics.
    2. Enders, Walter & Siklos, Pierre L, 2001. "Cointegration and Threshold Adjustment," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 19(2), pages 166-176, April.
    3. Walter Enders, 2001. "Improved critical values for the Enders-Granger unit-root test," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(4), pages 257-261.
    4. Enders, Walter & Granger, Clive W J, 1998. "Unit-Root Tests and Asymmetric Adjustment with an Example Using the Term Structure of Interest Rates," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 16(3), pages 304-311, July.
    5. James G. MacKinnon, 1990. "Critical Values for Cointegration Tests," Working Papers 1227, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Alcohol consumption; Business cycles; Scandinavia;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis

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