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Pauvreté, Egalité, Mortalité: mortality (in)equality in France and the United States

Author

Listed:
  • Janet Currie

    (Center for Health and Wellbeing, Princeton University - Princeton University , NBER - National Bureau of Economic Research - National Bureau of Economic Research, IZA - Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit - Institute of Labor Economics)

  • Hannes Schwandt

    (IZA - Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit - Institute of Labor Economics, Northwestern University [Evanston], SIEPR - Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research - Stanford University)

  • Josselin Thuilliez

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

We develop a method for comparing levels and trends in inequality in mortality in the United States and France between 1990 and 2010 in a similar framework. The comparison shows that while income inequality has increased in both the United States and France, inequality in mortality in France remained remarkably low and stable. In the United States, inequality in mortality increased for older groups (especially women) while it decreased for children and young adults. These patterns highlight the fact that despite the strong cross-sectional relationship between income and health, there is no necessary connection between changes in income inequality and changes in health inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Janet Currie & Hannes Schwandt & Josselin Thuilliez, 2020. "Pauvreté, Egalité, Mortalité: mortality (in)equality in France and the United States," Post-Print halshs-02167663, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-02167663
    DOI: 10.1007/s00148-019-00736-7
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02167663
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    Cited by:

    1. Florian Bonnet & Hippolyte d'Albis, 2020. "Spatial Inequality in Mortality in France over the Past Two Centuries," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 46(1), pages 145-168, March.
    2. Radim Bohácek & Jesús Bueren & Laura Crespo & Pedro Mira & Josep Pijoan-Mas, 2018. "Inequality in Life Expectancies across Europe," Working Papers wp2018_1810, CEMFI.
    3. Nicolas Berman & Lorenzo Rotunno & Roberta Ziparo, 2020. "Sweet child of mine: Parental income, child health and inequality," Working Papers halshs-02499192, HAL.
    4. Grossmann, Volker & Strulik, Holger, 2021. "Illicit drugs and the decline of the middle class," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 183(C), pages 718-743.
    5. Max Brüning & Josselin Thuilliez, 2019. "Mortality and Macroeconomic Conditions: What Can We Learn From France?," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 56(5), pages 1747-1764, October.
    6. Berman, Nicolas & Rotunno, Lorenzo & Ziparo, Roberta, 2020. "Sweet child of mine: Income, health and inequality," CEPR Discussion Papers 14444, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    7. Bütikofer, Aline & Karadakic, René & Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar, 2021. "Income Inequality and Mortality: A Norwegian Perspective," Discussion Paper Series in Economics 4/2021, Norwegian School of Economics, Department of Economics.
    8. Libertad González & Ana Rodriguez-Gonzalez, 2018. "Changes in Inequality in Mortality: New Evidence for Spain," Working Papers 1050, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    France; Health inequality; Income; Inequality; Mortality;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics

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