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Income Inequality and Progressive Income Taxation in China and India, 1986-2015

Listed author(s):
  • Thomas Piketty

    (PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, PSE - Paris School of Economics)

  • Nancy Qian

    (Brown University)

This paper evaluates income tax reforms in China and India. The combination of fast income growth and under-indexed tax schedule in China implies the fraction of the Chinese population subject to income tax has increased from less than 0.1 percent in 1986 to about 20 percent in 2008, while it has stagnated around 2-3 percent in India. Chinese income tax revenues, as a share of GDP, increased from less than 0.1 percent in 1986 to about 1.5 percent in 2005 and 2.5 percent in 2008, while the constant adaptation of exemption levels and income brackets in India have caused them to stagnate around 0.5 percent of GDP.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00754381.

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Date of creation: Apr 2009
Publication status: Published in American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 2009, 1 (2), pp.53-63. <10.1257/app.1.2.53>
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00754381
DOI: 10.1257/app.1.2.53
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-pjse.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00754381
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  1. Thomas Piketty, 2003. "Income Inequality in France, 1901-1998," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 111(5), pages 1004-1042, October.
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