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Les déterminants des embauches des établissements à 35 heures : aides incitatives, effet de sélection et modalités de mise en oeuvre

  • Matthieu Bunel

    (GATE - Groupe d'analyse et de théorie économique - CNRS - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - Ecole Normale Supérieure Lettres et Sciences Humaines)

Among 35-hour firms, those which benefit from social tax cuts of Aubry and Robien laws have increased their staff more than the others. The observed employment gap is up to 5,7 points between both kinds of firms. However, these two kinds of firms differ by the date and their attitudes toward shorter working hours implementation. The aim of this article is to point out the 35-hour firms' determinants of job creations using French firms individual data based on the PASSAGES survey carried out in 2001 by DARES. An endogenous switching framework is used to take into account the process to benefit of social tax cuts. We measure and determine the adjusted employment differential using the Oaxaca procedure. We found that 44 \% of the unadjusted employment gap between firms who benefit of social tax cuts and the others can be explain by the firms' attitude toward shorter working hours.

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Date of creation: Jun 2002
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Publication status: Published in Working Paper du GATE 2002-10. 2002
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00178456
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